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Chittlehampton War Memorial

A Grade II Listed Building in Chittlehampton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0132 / 51°0'47"N

Longitude: -3.9459 / 3°56'45"W

OS Eastings: 263592

OS Northings: 125555

OS Grid: SS635255

Mapcode National: GBR KW.JJ5X

Mapcode Global: FRA 26MF.NJZ

Entry Name: Chittlehampton War Memorial

Location: Chittlehampton, North Devon, Devon, EX37

County: Devon

District: North Devon

Parish: Chittlehampton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Listing Date: 14 March 2017

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1443712

Summary

First World War memorial, unveiled 1920, with later additions for the Second World War.

Description

MATERIALS: Granite memorial cross.

DESCRIPTION: Chittlehampton War Memorial stands in the churchyard of the Church of St Hieritha (Grade I-listed), in close proximity to the Lych Gate and a number of churchyard monuments (all Grade II-listed) and a listed and scheduled churchyard cross.

The war memorial consists of a tall granite wheel-head cross on a slender tapering shaft. The cross head is decorated with interlace patterns carved in low relief. The cross rises from a three-stepped octagonal base.

The inscriptions on the memorial are in raised lettering, located on the three steps of the base. The principal dedication to the front face of the middle step reads TO THE GLORY OF GOD AND/ IN HONOURED MEMORY/ OF THOSE FROM THIS PARISH/ WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES/ IN THE GREAT WAR 1914 – 1919. On the step below this is + LEST WE FORGET +. The First World War names are listed on faces of the middle step, whilst the later Second World War dedication and names are recorded on the top step.

History

The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead: therefore the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. One such memorial was unveiled at Chittlehampton on 27 August 1920 as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community, who lost their lives in the First and Second World Wars.

The unveiling was undertaken by Major General Sir Godfrey Williams and the memorial, which was the work of Messrs Harry Hems and Sons of Exeter, was dedicated by Reverend CW Bate. The memorial commemorates 20 local servicemen who died during the First World War. Following the Second World War, a dedication was added to commemorate the four fallen of that conflict.

Reasons for Listing

Chittlehampton War Memorial, which stands in the churchyard of St Hieritha’s Church, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the conflicts of the C20;
* Architectural interest: an elegant memorial cross with carved interlace patterns in the Celtic style;
* Group value: with the Grade I-listed Church of St Hieritha and a number of Grade II-listed churchyard structures including the scheduled churchyard cross.

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