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Latitude: 51.5066 / 51°30'23"N
Longitude: -2.631 / 2°37'51"W
OS Eastings: 356304
OS Northings: 178814
OS Grid: ST563788
Mapcode National: GBR JP.J6X3
Mapcode Global: VH88F.BDZF
Entry Name: Henbury War Memorial
Location: Bristol, BS10
County: City of Bristol
Parish: Non Civil Parish
Locality: Henbury & Brentry
Traditional County: Gloucestershire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Bristol
Listing Date: 4 April 2017
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1445113
First World War memorial, unveiled 1921.
The memorial stands in the churchyard of the Church of St Mary the Virgin (Grade II*), situated close to the gate to Church Close. Built in Doulting limestone from Chelynch quarry, near Yeovil, it takes the form of a tall wheel-head cross rising from an octagonal plinth. The plinth stands on a four-stepped octagonal base, raised on a circular step at the bottom. Each face of the plinth bears an inset panel into which the commemorated names are carved, whilst a square collar on the cross shaft bears the dates 1914 1918. An inscription runs around the plinth, incised above the name panels.
The aftermath of the First World War saw the biggest single wave of public commemoration ever with tens of thousands of memorials erected across England. This was the result of both the huge impact on communities of the loss of three quarters of a million British lives, and also the official policy of not repatriating the dead which meant that the memorials provided the main focus of the grief felt at this great loss. One such memorial was raised at Henbury as a permanent testament to the sacrifice made by the members of the local community who lost their lives in the First World War.
A large yew tree had to be removed in order for the memorial to be built in the churchyard, to the N side of the Church of St Mary the Virgin (Grade II*) and overlooking Church Close on which stands a number of listed buildings. The memorial cross was designed by the architect P Hartland Thomas and built by F Freeman and Company. It cost £400, raised by voluntary subscription. The memorial was unveiled on 25 March 1921 by Major CE Turner DSO, commander of the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars. The Vicar, Reverend CP Way, said that “each day children appointed by the choir and the school would assume the position of guardians of the cross”.
Percival Hartland Thomas FRIBA (1879-1960) was educated at Bristol Grammar School, and articled to James Craik from 1898 to 1901. He was in independent practice from 1903, and was surveyor to the Diocese of Bath and Wells from 1911 to 1924.
Henbury War Memorial, which stands in the churchyard of St Mary’s Church, is listed at Grade II for the following principal reasons:
* Historic interest: as an eloquent witness to the tragic impact of world events on this local community, and the sacrifice it has made in the First World War;
* Architectural interest: a simple yet imposing wheel-head cross carved in a local stone;
* Degree of survival: the memorial has not been adapted for Second World War commemoration, and thus retains its original design intent;
* Group value: with the Church of St Mary the Virgin (Grade II*) and other listed heritage assets in the churchyard and on Church Close.
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