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Middleton Tower

A Grade I Listed Building in Middleton, Norfolk

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Latitude: 52.73 / 52°43'47"N

Longitude: 0.4698 / 0°28'11"E

OS Eastings: 566868

OS Northings: 317564

OS Grid: TF668175

Mapcode National: GBR P5B.ZHT

Mapcode Global: WHKQD.5MZZ

Entry Name: Middleton Tower

Listing Date: 19 October 1951

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1077649

English Heritage Legacy ID: 221993

Location: Middleton, King's Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk, PE32

County: Norfolk

District: King's Lynn and West Norfolk

Civil Parish: Middleton

Traditional County: Norfolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Norfolk

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Listing Text

TF 61 NE
(east side)
Middleton Tower
- I
Moated house; gatehouse c1455 for Thomas, Lord Scales, attached house of
1864 and 1876 for Sir Lewis Whincop Jarvis and of 1905 for John Taylor
Ramsden; brick with lead and tiled roofs. Rectangular moat with gatehouse
to centre south, attached hall and range to left dated 1876, west arm of
moat with attached range dated 1864 and of 1905. Wide gatehouse: restored
1864, irregular bond brick, stone dressings, lead roof behind parapet;
rectangular, with clasping polygonal turrets at angles, 3 storeys accentuated
by stone string courses. Rebuilt embattled parapet with undated stone plaque
with crest similar to date plaque of 1876 on angle tower, two large gargoyles
of 1864, angle turrets rising above main parapet with embattled parapets
and shallow machiolations. Ground floor with 4-centred arch to gateway
renewed, doors of c1864; on either side an opening of 2 cusp headed lights
under square hood mould; first floor with central oriel window having C15
base with mullions and roof renewed c1864, small oriel window mostly renewed
to right. Weathered 6 quartered arms within Garter above central oriel,
for Anthony Woodville son-in-law of Thomas Lord Scales. Second floor with
2 openings as to ground floor. Turrets with small lights to each stage.
Rear: facade as to front but without second floor string course, heraldic
plaque or mullions, but with doorway to right turret, 3-light mullioned
opening to first floor, 2 single light openings to second floor, all with
squared surrounds. Second floor of left turret with 2-light opening. Bridge
across moat to gatehouse c1860 and 1876, low brick arch with stone keystone
and stone string course, later embattled parapet above; pair of octagonal
piers to front, each with stone cap surmounted by stone pineapple; bridge
paved with granite setts. Hall attached to left of gatehouse, 1864, altered
c1905; brick, carstone base to moat, plain tiles to roof, gable to left with
gable parapet and 2 gault brick moulded octagonal shafts to external stack;
low small opening with 2 cusp-headed lights under square hood mould to left;
stepped string course broken by tall central stair-light refashioned c1905,
5 lights with 2 transoms under 4-centred arch. Plaque above with crest and
arms. 2 bay 2 storey range attached to left, brick with carstone base to
moat, plain tiled roof, string course; oriel window to ground floor left
with 3-light Gothick transomed window above, similar 2-light transomed
windows to right to ground floor and first floor. Attached to left at angle
of moat a 2 bay 4 storeyed embattled brick tower dated 1876. Parapet with
shallow machiolations rising from stone corbels; ground floor with central
opening of 3 Gothick transomed lights under square hood mould, 2 similar
2-light openings to each of first, second and third floors. Ground floor
windows to hall, and of 1864 and 1876 builds all leaded. Facade to west:
in several builds, 10 bays. Bays 1 to 4 of c1905, bays 5-7 of 1864, 4
storeyed bay 10 at angle of moat dated 1876; pink brick with limestone
dressings and string courses, carstone base, embattled parapet concealing
slate roof. Bays 1 to 4 for J.T. Ramsden: 2-light transomed openings with
Gothick heads, stone mullions and surrounds, leaded lights, under square
hood moulds, 4 to ground floor, 3 to first and second floor (bays 1, 2 and
4), bay 3 of second floor with Ramsden arms in stone, Bays 5 to 7 for L.W.
Jarvis dated 1864 with arms on plaque to bay 6 of third floor; openings to
bays 5 and 7 of each floor as to bays 1 to 4 but with wood mullions to frames
and without leaded lights; ground floor bay 6 with similar 3-light opening.
Bays 8 and 9 of 2 storeys flush with bays 1 to 7 and 10, forward of rear
3 storeyed range; embattled parapet with shallow machiolations; footbridge
to bay 8, 4-centred stone doorway with figure stops; 3-light transomed
opening above; bay 9 ground floor with double Gothick headed light with
leaded lights; first floor with transomed double light. Bay 10 (the 4
storeyed tower at angle of moat of 1876), facade as to south but with large
oriel window having leaded lights to ground floor, first to third floors
each with one opening. Interior: all of late C19 and c1905; gatehouse
ground floor with heavy ceiling joists, frieze of shields, flowers and
grotesques; lower walls panelled; large stone fireplace with chimney over
to east. First floor with ceiling of geometric panels accentuated by
moulded wooden ribs, walls part panelled with painted frieze of peacocks
above; overmantel to fireplace, early C17 style. Hall: Hammerbeam roof
with grotesque corbels; openwell closed string stairccase with alternate
barley sugar and double vase balusters. Dining room to west of hall with
geometric panels to ceiling accentuated by wooden ribs, panelled doors,
C17 marquetry overmantel to fireplace. Room to ground floor of south west
angle tower with similar ceiling to dining room but with acanthus leaf
frieze and plaster festoons of oak leaves to ceiling; Jacobean style fire-
place in wood with strapwork, dated 1905 with initials JTR.
F.W. Steer: Middleton Tower, A Guide and Short History, 1961.

Listing NGR: TF6686817564

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