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Latitude: 51.854 / 51°51'14"N
Longitude: 0.6033 / 0°36'11"E
OS Eastings: 579383
OS Northings: 220474
OS Grid: TL793204
Mapcode National: GBR QKH.PBN
Mapcode Global: VHJJK.DNSK
Plus Code: 9F32VJ33+J8
Entry Name: Springwaters tithings
Listing Date: 29 July 1988
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1123858
English Heritage Legacy ID: 116373
Location: Cressing, Braintree, Essex, CM77
Civil Parish: Cressing
Traditional County: Essex
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex
TL 72 SE
No. 1 (Springwaters) and No. 2 (Tithings)
House, now 2 cottages. Circa 1500, altered and extended at several periods.
Timber framed, plastered, roofed with handmade red plain tiles and some slate.
2-bay hall facing E with late C16 stack in right bay against front wall.
Parlour/solar bay to left, and C17 single-storey wing of 3 bays to rear of it,
raised to 2 storeys with flat roof in C20, and C20 flat-roofed single-storey
extension beyond. C17 one-bay extension to right, replacing former service bay,
and C18 bay beyond with internal stack at end. C20 single-storey rear
extensions. One storey with attics. The original house is divided through the
stack, No.1 to the left, No. 2 to the right. No. 1 has a 2-window range of C20
casements and a C20 door in a lean-to porch. The front pitch of this roof has
been raised. No. 2 has a 2-window range of C20 diamond-leaded casements, and a
hipped porch with a similar window and C20 door. This roof has been rebuilt on
an axis parallel to that of the original roof, but in front of it. No. 1 has
jowled posts, heavy studding, and diamond mortices and a shutter groove for an
unglazed window in the left return. The left bay has plain joists of horizontal
section arranged longitudinally, and a blocked stair trap in the left rear
corner. The left bay of the former open hall has a mid-C16 inserted floor
comprising a transverse beam against the stack, chamfered on one side only with
step stops, and chamfered joists of horizontal section with step stops arranged
longitudinally. The mantel beam has a cranked upper surface; the lower edge is
chamfered and mitred as for a timber-framed chimney, later rebuilt in brick. The
wide wood-burning hearth has a seat in the right side, and is much repaired with
C20 brickwork. The rear rafters of this bay are smoke-blackened, indicating use
as an open hall before the floor was inserted. The original roof was of
crownpost form, but in No. 1 this is visible only at the trusses; the
collar-purlin and braces to it are missing. In No. 2 a short section of
collar-purlin remains in situ, with a cambered tiebeam and simple crownpost. The
wide wood-burning hearth in No. 2 has a chamfered mantel beam with lamb's tongue
stops, later in date than that of No. 1. The left bay has a C17 floor of plain
joists of vertical section. In the right bay many of the joists are re-used.
(M.C. Wadhams, Essex Archaeology and History 2, 1979, 80).
Listing NGR: TL7937920476
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