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Latitude: 53.5226 / 53°31'21"N
Longitude: -1.5232 / 1°31'23"W
OS Eastings: 431710
OS Northings: 402988
OS Grid: SE317029
Mapcode National: GBR KWTP.1Z
Mapcode Global: WHCBR.KQWC
Entry Name: Obelisk to Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
Listing Date: 18 March 1968
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1151068
English Heritage Legacy ID: 333923
Location: Stainborough, Barnsley, S75
Civil Parish: Stainborough
Traditional County: Yorkshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): South Yorkshire
Church of England Parish: Silkstone All Saints
Church of England Diocese: Leeds
STAINBOROUGH WENTWORTH CASTLE
1/48 Obelisk to
Lady Mary Wortley-Montagu
Obelisk. 1747, erected by the Second Earl of Strafford. Ashlar sandstone.
Plinth. Moulded base and cornice to square die with badly-weathered inscription
on marble panel, the inscription now recorded on C20 inset ashlar slab. Obelisk
with pyramidal cap. Inscription reads:
'TO THE MEMORY / of the Rt. Hon. Lady / Mary Wortley Montagu / who in the Year
1720 / Introduced Inoculation / of the Small Pox into / England from Turkey /
Closes the vista of Broad Avenue seen to the west from the Palladian front of
Wentworth Castle; known as the Sun Monument since it is said to have had a bronze
bowl finial to reflect the sun's rays to Wortley Hall and the Wortleys' lodge on
Lady Mary introduced the small pox innoculation after her return from Constantinople
in 1718; she was an early pioneer in the work which did not become general until
Janner's discoveries of the early Cl9 and compulsory innoculation in 1853.
Concise Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford), pp. 688, 891.
Listing NGR: SE3171002987
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