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Orchard House post Office

A Grade II* Listed Building in Kelvedon, Essex

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Latitude: 51.8391 / 51°50'20"N

Longitude: 0.7038 / 0°42'13"E

OS Eastings: 586367

OS Northings: 219065

OS Grid: TL863190

Mapcode National: GBR QKT.QRG

Mapcode Global: VHKG8.41XH

Entry Name: Orchard House post Office

Listing Date: 2 May 1953

Last Amended: 29 July 1988

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1170818

English Heritage Legacy ID: 116518

Location: Kelvedon, Braintree, Essex, CO5

County: Essex

District: Braintree

Civil Parish: Kelvedon

Built-Up Area: Kelvedon

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Kelvedon St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text

TL 8619-8719 (south-east side)

8/211 No. 148 (Orchard House
2.5.53 and Post Office) and
no. 150 (formerly
listed as Shop premises
14 yards north east of
Lawn House and House 26
yards north east of
Lawn House)


House, now shop and house. C14-C16, altered in C17, C19 and C20. Timber
framed, mainly plastered, partly faced with red brick, roofed with handmade red
plain tiles. Complex plan comprising (1) 2-bay hall range facing NW, with C19
axial stack in right bay and C19 external stack to rear of left bay; (2)
C15/early C16 2-bay service crosswing to left, extending forwards, with
originally external late C16 stack to left (now enclosed by no. 152 High Street,
item 8/213, q.v.), (3) early C16 2-bay extension to rear of left crosswing, (4)
early C16 long service range to rear, faced with brick on both sides, (5) C14
3-bay parlour/solar crosswing to right of hall, extending forwards, with C19
internal stack at rear, (6) C19/20 single-storey extension to rear of it,
weatherboarded and roofed with corrugated iron, (7) C20 lean-to extension
beyond, weatherboarded and roofed with corrugated iron, (8) C18 2-bay wing to
right with C18 external stack at the end, (9) single-storey lean-to extension to
rear of it, roofed with interlocking concrete tiles. The hall range, left
crosswing, and extensions to it comprise no. 150; the right crosswing and
extensions to it comprise no. 148 (Orchard House and Post Office). No. 150 has
in the left crosswing a large C20 window of 3 lights and a plain door, and in
the right return of it a large C20 window of 9 lights, all under a continuous
fascia with 6 scrolled brackets (probably converted from an earlier shop); in
the hall range are 2 mid-c19 sashes of 6 lights; on the first floor 3 similar
sashes; and a C20 half-glazed door, centrally placed in the hall range, in C19
doorcase with diamond motifs on the frieze, and a moulded flat canopy. No. 148
has below the jetty of the right crosswing a C20 splayed shop window with a
half-glazed door, and 2 brackets plastered over; and in the right extension a
C20 shopfront; first floor, 2 late C19/early C20 sashes of 4 lights. The roof
of the right extension stands approx. 0.8 metre above that of the right
crosswing, and is hipped to the right. The left crosswing has an underbuilt
jetty to the left with grooves for sliding shutters, a moulded binding beam,
moulded joists of horizontal section arranged longitudinally, a wide
wood-burning hearth with hollow-chamfered depressed arch and moulded right jamb,
a cambered tiebeam, one of 2 braces to it 0.13 metre wide, and a collar-rafter
roof. The 2-bay extension to the rear of it has a cambered tiebeam and 2 braces
to it 0.10 metre Wide, and a crownpost roof with axial braces 0.02 metre wide,
exceptionally thin. The long service range could not be examined internally,
but it has an underbuilt jetty to the left, now enclosed by the brick facing,
and transverse plain joists of horizontal section. In the left end of the hall
range the studding is exposed and the infill removed; there is one moulded
4-centred doorhead with recessed spandrels, and part of the seating for another;
some charring. In the right end of the hall range display bracing trenched into
the studding is exposed, with mortices for a fixed bench; at the front end of
it, a blocked parlour doorway with hollow-chamfered double-ogee head, and 2
mortices and groove for a former draught screen; and a similar doorway at the
rear end, within a cupboard dorming part of no. 148. The front and rear walls
have been raised and the wallplates renewed; no datable features are visible in
these walls. The right crosswing has a boxed binding beam between the front 2
bays, there is an original partition between the middle and rear bays, with
curved bracing trenched into the studding. In the middle and rear bays, exposed
plain joists of heavy horizontal section arranged transversely, and a blocked
original stair trap. Part of the right girt has been removed for a C20
extension, exposing central tenons bearing scribed carpenter's marks, VII to XI.
Chamfered heavy braces to binding beam. Cambered tiebeams, jowled posts and
arched braces 0.12 metre wide, all chamfered with step stops. In the middle bay
are 2 long splayed and under-squinted scarfs, incomplete in the left wallplate,
partly covered by boarding in the right wallplate. The right extension has
unjowled posts and a boxed binding beam, the joists plastered to the soffits.
RCHM 22.

Listing NGR: TL8636719065

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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