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De Irebys Tower and Outer Bailey Wall

A Grade I Listed Building in Carlisle, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.8968 / 54°53'48"N

Longitude: -2.9417 / 2°56'30"W

OS Eastings: 339700

OS Northings: 556192

OS Grid: NY397561

Mapcode National: GBR 7CWT.XF

Mapcode Global: WH802.S5CW

Entry Name: De Irebys Tower and Outer Bailey Wall

Listing Date: 1 June 1949

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197000

English Heritage Legacy ID: 386571

Location: Carlisle, Cumbria, CA3

County: Cumbria

District: Carlisle

Town: Carlisle

Electoral Ward/Division: Castle

Built-Up Area: Carlisle

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Carlisle St Cuthbert with St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

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Listing Text


671-1/6/1 De Irebys Tower and outer bailey
01/06/49 wall


Gate tower and curtain walls, with interval towers. C12 walls,
partly rebuilt at various periods; C13 tower forms the core of
present 1378-83 tower by John Lewyn; C19 alterations and C20
restorations. Squared blocks of red and calciferous sandstone
with battered and broad pilasters; tower has flat lead roof.
Outer bailey is roughly rectangular and its enclosing walls
are a continuation of the inner bailey walls on the north and
south side; west walls complete the circuit. The south wall
has an off-centre gate tower (the main entrance to the
3 storeys in rough L-shape; central through-archway retains
portcullis and iron-studded wooden door; various sash windows
most in enlarged openings. Over the arch is a blank panel
(originally with coat of arms) set into a barbican which was
crenellated in 1819. Extensively restored 1988-9 with some
external stone replaced (stone replaced in 1874 has weathered
in). INTERIOR not inspected.
At the south-west angle was a battery, and a similar battery
was at the north-west angle set on an existing tower. Halfway
along the west wall is the postern gate, guarded by a
projecting rectangular tower. The north walls have collapsed
and been rebuilt on a number of occasions but some medieval
walling remains. Continuous parapet walk around the walls has
been cut away in places, probably in 1819 or 1832. For full
details see McCarthy et al (1990).

Listing NGR: NY3970056192

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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