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Newnum House Brentwood School

A Grade II Listed Building in Brentwood, Essex

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Latitude: 51.6212 / 51°37'16"N

Longitude: 0.3064 / 0°18'23"E

OS Eastings: 559759

OS Northings: 193894

OS Grid: TQ597938

Mapcode National: GBR XN.HX2

Mapcode Global: VHHN3.8JB1

Entry Name: Newnum House Brentwood School

Listing Date: 9 December 1994

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1197247

English Heritage Legacy ID: 373540

Location: Brentwood, Essex, CM15

County: Essex

District: Brentwood

Town: Brentwood

Electoral Ward/Division: Brentwood South

Built-Up Area: Brentwood

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Brentwood St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

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Listing Text


723-1/12/114 (South side)
Newnum House, Brentwood School


House, now part of Brentwood School (part qv). c1600, late
C18, Late C19. Red brick, peg tile and slate roofs. Plan of 3
conjoined units (1) principal range to street with projecting
cross-wing at the E end, stacks with diagonal shafts at E and
W ends. (2) a smaller rectangular unit at the W end, set back
and projecting at the back to S. (3) long stable block, also
projecting S from rear of E end of principal range.
EXTERIOR: 2 storey and partial attics. N front elevation (1)
Late C19 Queen Anne style irregular range with a mid-height
string course and dentilled eaves cornice, ground floor, 3
windows, segment headed, horned sashes with glazing bars, to W
2 narrow ones, as a pair, each 2x4 panes, to E single one 3x4
panes combined with projecting ground floor brick porch. Porch
has elliptical head, door recessed and has upper glazing with
glazing bars, 3x4 panes. First floor 3 horned sash windows
with glazing bars, 3x4 panes. To E, projecting wing has large
2-storey bowed bay windows with straight roof gable over
carried on prominent shaped bearers. Gable rendered with a
Venetian casement window having rectangular leaded panes, also
moulded barge boards. Bow windows both of 5 casement lights
with glazing bars, ground floor 3x5 panes, first floor 3x4
panes. (2) recessed unit at W end in same style with dentilled
eave, ground and first floor have multiple-horned sash windows
with fluted pilasters between lights, all lights with glazing
bars, 2x4 panes. Ground floor window 5 lights with doorway at
W end having a flat cornice hood, door boarded with upper
glazing with glazing bars, 3x2 panes. Roof has stack with
diagonal shafts through front pitch. Also at E end, triangular
fully glazed dormer window with central 2-paned casement and 7
surrounding panes. Rear S elevation. (1) Central multi-light
window similar to front elevation, on ground and first floors.
Ground floor window bowed, 4 casement lights with glazing
bars, each 3x5 panes, first floor 6 casements lights slightly
projecting as oriel on shaped brackets, each light 2x3 panes.
Between windows the hall is tile-hung which continues above to
triangular dormer window rendered with double casement window
with glazing bars, 4x2 panes. A stack with diagonal shafts
rises from the roof pitch to E To W (2) rear S projecting of 2
bays with half hipped gable above, ground floor deeply
recessed on S and E sides - overhang supported on brick piers.
Ground floor 4-light mullioned casement window and one single
casement. First floor, 2 sash windows with horns, moulded
architrave and cornice hood, glazing bars, each 4x5 panes. E
face beneath overhang, ground floor plain C20 3-panelled door,
first floor multi-light casement window, 2,3,2 lights.
Flat-headed dormer above of 3 casements in roof pitch. To W
(3), Stable block, rear walls have some chequered ground floor
brickwork, hipped slate roof. First floor 5 metal casement
windows plus another at half-height, ground floor three C20
doors with partial glazing. Short length of wall added at S
end shaped down to ground floor level. Behind on S face,
first-floor metal casement window 3x3 panes. E end elevation,
N end, house end gable, tile-hung, central stack rebuilt at
top but older brick work below of C17 type with mainly English
bond, ground floor brickwork both N and S of stack, also C17
type. N of stack, upper walling return wall of front with
dentilled cornice and mid height string course. S of stack,
late C19 upper rebuilding. Ground floor segment headed window
of 6 casement lights with leaded panes. Hood mould runs into
string course to N. First floor, 2 segment headed windows with
brick rusticated reveals and sills, depressed panels above at
attic level. To S, late C18 stable. E front, windows and door
arches have very good rubbed brick voussoirs with stone sills.
First floor, 5 window range. 4 as original, sashes with
glazing bars, 4x3 panes, one now altered to casement type,
ground floor 4 elliptical headed sash windows with glazing
bars, 4x4 panes, one C20 inserted metal framed with glazing
bars, 3x4 panes, straight concrete lintel. One blocked doorway
to S end with stone imposts and round headed voussoir arch.
Shape of replaced brickwork suggests another, probably at
centre of range. A mounting block in brick and stone of 2
steps and platform is set towards N end of range.
INTERIOR: complex and reorganised several times. Originally
timber-framed in early C17 with some studding behind panelling
visible. Roof of side purlin type with one wind brace still
evident, axial ceiling joist with ovolo moulding on first
floor. First-floor rear room has panelling of early C17 type,
about half of which is original, rest probably late C19. Stair
to attic still has early C18 turned balusters and shaped
handrail. Some panelling may also be of this date. The late
C19 re-working of the house added a Jacobean style moulded
plaster ceiling and the whole outer front, back and stacks in
the fashionable eclectic style. Newnum House was once called
Shenfield House and was bought by Brentwood School in the
inter-war period. Newnum House, Roden House (qv), Mitre House
(qv), together with the monument to William Hunter (qv), Old
House (qv) and The Hermitage (qv) make a group.

Listing NGR: TQ5975993894

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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