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Hotel Du Vin and Attached Front Area Wall and Railings

A Grade II* Listed Building in Poole Town, Poole

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7129 / 50°42'46"N

Longitude: -1.9901 / 1°59'24"W

OS Eastings: 400797

OS Northings: 90366

OS Grid: SZ007903

Mapcode National: GBR XPW.R0

Mapcode Global: FRA 67Q6.8HK

Entry Name: Hotel Du Vin and Attached Front Area Wall and Railings

Listing Date: 14 June 1954

Last Amended: 18 May 2010

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1225272

English Heritage Legacy ID: 412615

Location: Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole, BH15

County: Poole

Electoral Ward/Division: Poole Town

Built-Up Area: Poole

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Poole St James with St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

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Listing Text

POOLE

958-1/17/176 THAMES STREET
14-JUN-1954 (West side)
11
HOTEL DU VIN AND ATTACHED FRONT AREA W
ALL AND RAILINGS

(Formerly listed as:
THAMES STREET
11
MANSION HOUSE AND ATTACHED FRONT AREA
WALLS AND RAILINGS)
(Formerly listed as:
THAMES STREET
11
MANSION HOUSE)
(Formerly listed as:
THAMES STREET
IRON RAILINGS AT NUMBER 11)

GV II*
House, now a hotel. Built in the second half of the C18 for Isaac and Benjamin Lester, MP; by John Stretland, a local builder.

MATERIALS: Red brick in Flemish bond with stone dressings, brick gable stacks and a slate valley roof.

PLAN: It is built in a mid-Georgian style and has a double-depth plan with three storeys, attics and a semi-basement.

EXTERIOR: The five-bay front faces onto Thames Street and is a symmetrical composition with an impost band to the ground floor, cornice and a parapet. The slightly projecting central bay which rises to a small pediment has an entrance doorway and stair windows which are lower than those to the flanking floors. Curved steps lead up to a semi-circular Doric portico with triglyphs, and a six-panel moulded door with margin lights. Above the entrance is a central first-floor Venetian stair window with a small lunette above. The basement and ground-floor windows are set within semi-detached-arched recesses with rubbed brick arches. The flat-headed basement and first-floor windows have six/six-pane sashes including radial heads to the ground-floor windows. The right-hand return has lateral stacks with a central first-floor window above an oculus.

INTERIOR: (Not inspected 2010) Contains a large flagged entrance stair hall with wainscotting, dado and side niches, and enriched bracketed cornice. It has a fine Imperial stair with cast iron balusters, each third one enriched. The staircase is supported on paired wooden columns with Tower of the Winds capitals, going up a single flight and returning in two to the front landing. The rear dining room has a recessed alcove with flanking attached columns and a marble fireplace with a relief of two dried cod, symbols of the family's wealth. There are panelled doors and cornices; and basement services.

SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: The attached front walls and spear-headed iron railings with modern interval panels with decorative wrought ironwork, and a side wall.

HISTORY: From the late C17 until its decline in the mid-C19, Poole was considered one of the busiest ports in England, establishing strong trade links with Europe, the Baltic and North America. The Hotel du Vin is a former merchant's house that was constructed in the second half of the C18 and is one of the largest houses in Poole. Sources indicate that it was built for Isaac Lester whose family was prominent in the Newfoundland trade, trading mainly in (cod liver) oil; the source of much of its wealth. Following Isaac's death in 1776, his brother, Benjamin (1724-1802) returned from North America to live in the Thames Street house, becoming Mayor in 1779 and a leading spokesman for the Poole merchants. He served as Member of Parliament from 1791 to 1796, and died in 1802.

SOURCES: RCHME, County of Dorset - South East (1970), pp 190, 234
N Pevsner & J Newman, Buildings of England- Dorset (1972), pp 322-23
Poole Borough Council, Benjamin Lester http://www.poole.gov.uk/legal/services/ref:S464C3F9E5C0C5/cf4orce:D467A384A74F45/ Accessed on 7th April 2010

REASON FOR DESIGNATION:
The Hotel du Vin, formerly the Mansion House, dates from the second half of the C18 and is designated at Grade II* for the following principal reasons:
* Architecture: the proportions and thoughtful arrangement of features in an imaginative, classical composition
* Fittings: there are a number of survivals of historic features including the staircase, some fireplaces, cornices and panelled doors
* Historic interest: its close association with a prominent C18 family whose wealth was founded on the Newfoundland cod trade
* Group value: it has strong contextual interest, having group value with a large number of listed buildings in Thames Street, and as one of the two largest houses in Poole is illustrative of the town's prosperity in the C18.

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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