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Latitude: 51.4933 / 51°29'35"N
Longitude: 0.0687 / 0°4'7"E
OS Eastings: 543705
OS Northings: 179183
OS Grid: TQ437791
Mapcode National: GBR NJ.PYW
Mapcode Global: VHHNK.4QNL
Entry Name: Royal Arsenal Royal Laboratory West Pavillion
Listing Date: 8 June 1973
Last Amended: 9 July 1997
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1245208
English Heritage Legacy ID: 468770
Location: Greenwich, London, SE18
Electoral Ward/Division: Woolwich Riverside
Built-Up Area: Greenwich
Traditional County: Kent
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London
Church of England Parish: Woolwich St Mary Magdalene with St Michael and All Angels
Church of England Diocese: Southwark
TQ 4479 PLUMSTEAD ROAD SE18
08/06/50 Royal Laboratory W Pavilion
Gunpowder works, W pavilion, now disused. Part of the Royal Laboratory 1694-6, extended and altered 1802, partly demolished. Flemish bond brick with stone dressings and slate hipped roof. Single-depth plan. 2 storeys; 5-window range. A symmetrical front has a pedimented entrance bay set forward, with rusticated voussoirs, plinth and plat band; the doorway has a good surround with eared architrave and a console cornice, set below first-floor architrave with foliate brackets to an eared architrave with a lion key. The pediment contains a cartouche with the arms of William III. Rubbed brick flat arches with keys to altered or blocked sashes. INTERIOR: not inspected but noted as having no internal division or flooring and a C19 iron roof. HISTORICAL NOTE: The oldest part of the Arsenal, and possibly the oldest Ordnance buildings in the country: one of a pair of pavilions with that to the E (qv) which are the only surviving part of a larger building, to which the Royal Laboratory for the manufacture of fireworks and gunpowder transferred when it moved from Greenwich in 1695. It had cross windows, lower buildings each side, and the yard was closed to the N and S with gate piers from which came the lion and unicorn finials now on the Board Room (qv). The courtyard between the two pavilions was covered in 1854, and contained the largest milling machinery space in the world when it was completed. This was demolished mid 1950s.
(Wesley H, The Royal Arsenal: a brief history, London, 1987, p.12; RCHME report, 1994)
Listing NGR: TQ4295478475
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