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Kings School and Remains of Abbots Lodging

A Grade II* Listed Building in Gloucester, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8684 / 51°52'6"N

Longitude: -2.2466 / 2°14'47"W

OS Eastings: 383115

OS Northings: 218903

OS Grid: SO831189

Mapcode National: GBR 1KZ.W98

Mapcode Global: VH94C.09NH

Entry Name: Kings School and Remains of Abbots Lodging

Listing Date: 12 March 1973

Last Amended: 15 December 1998

Grade: II*

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1245960

English Heritage Legacy ID: 472131

Location: Gloucester, Gloucestershire, GL1

County: Gloucestershire

District: Gloucester

Town: Gloucester

Electoral Ward/Division: Westgate

Built-Up Area: Gloucester

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Hempsted with Gloucester, Saint Mary de Lode and Saint Mary de Crypt

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

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Listing Text

SO8318NW
844-1/8/50
12/03/73


GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL PRECINCTS King's School and remains of Abbot's Lodging(Formerly Listed as:CATHEDRAL PRECINCTS Bishop's Palace (King's School)

GII*
Remains of Abbot's Lodging on OS Map The Bishops of Gloucester's palace,now independent school building.1861.By Ewan Christian,on the site of,and incorporating,some minor remains of the house built c1316 for the Abbots of the Benedictine Abbey of St Peter;from 1541used as the Bishop's Palace;in 1955 the palace converted for use as the main building of the King's School housing principally administrative offices and classrooms.Ashlar,tiled roofs with moulded copings to gables and parapets,brick stacks.An eclectic mixture of C13 and C14 English Gothic and Jacobean.PLAN:a long,irregular,block set back from and parallel with Pitt Street behind the northern flank of the Abbey and Cathedral Precinct Wall(qv);on the north and south sides several projecting cross wings or gabled features;the principal entrance porch approximately in the centre of the north side under the west end of the former chapel in a parallel attached range with apsidal east end;the former great hall,on the foundations of a medieval range,now the school library,in the central cross range west of the porch with service rooms in wing further west, and the principal reception rooms within the eastern end of the block.EXTERIOR:single storey Great Hall,otherwise two and three storeys,cellar and attic.Asymmetrical facades enlivened by changes in level and differences in the scale of projecting features;the north front comprises the side of the buttressed,three-bay former chapel range with apsidal east end to left,with offset buttresses,and at first-floor level a lancet in each bay;a double,cross-gabled range further left with,on the first floor and extending into the right-hand gable,a three-light window with Perpendicular tracery;cross-gabled range to right with two two-light windows with Decorated tracery,recessed to right a cross gable with two two-light Perpendicular windows,and further right a recessed lateral wing at the west end of the block;in the right-hand bay of the former chapel range an entrance porch between the buttresses with a moulded arch and lean-to roof.On the south side of the block the projecting,cross gabled end of the Great Hall with two three-light windows with Decorated tracery;to right the front has a moulded string courses at second floor and attic-floor levels and,projecting from the lateral range of the block,two short cross-gabled wings,and gabled dormers above the main range;on the east front to left,a large,two-storey compass window.All the windows at the east end of the south front and on the east front have stone mullions and upper transoms in late C16 or early C17 style.INTERIOR:rooms linked by long passage between Great Hall to principal staircase on north side at east end,the open well stair with newels with spiked knops and wrought-ironbalustrades with twisted balusters;in the windows to the stair well a collection of stained glass of various dates;in east end several large reception rooms with cross-beamed ceilings,the intersections of the beams with carved foliage and paterae;in one room a stone chimney-piece with quatrefoils in the arch spandrels maybe late C14,restored and reused;a ground floor room with carved bosses to coffered ceiling,rich ornamentation to bay window area and medieval-style carved spandrels with ornamental shields to stone fireplace.In the former chapel arched trusses supported on moulded corbels with richly carved foliage;in the Great hall trusses with semicircular arched braces to the collar tie and scissor braces above;in the windows panels of medieval and C16 stained and painted glass,possibly from the former palace.The library is positioned at right angles above the remains of the C14 domestic accommodation,which has rectangular plan bounded by very thick walls, chamfered jambs of north door and chamfered pointed-arched south door;the south wall has three piers,probably springers for C14 undercroft vaulting.Graded for the medieval fabric and for the external architectural quality of the work by Christian.(Welander D:The History,Art and Architecture of Gloucester Cathedral:Stroud,Gloucestershire:1991-:409,411;BOE:Verey D:Gloucestershire:The Vale and the Forest of Dean:London:1976-:223;VCH:The City of Gloucester:Oxford:1988-: 282).

Listing NGR: SO8311518902

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

Description

SO8318NW
844-1/8/50
12/03/73


GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL PRECINCTS King's School and remains of Abbot's Lodging(Formerly Listed as:CATHEDRAL PRECINCTS Bishop's Palace (King's School)

GII*
Remains of Abbot's Lodging on OS Map The Bishops of Gloucester's palace,now independent school building.1861.By Ewan Christian,on the site of,and incorporating,some minor remains of the house built c1316 for the Abbots of the Benedictine Abbey of St Peter;from 1541used as the Bishop's Palace;in 1955 the palace converted for use as the main building of the King's School housing principally administrative offices and classrooms.Ashlar,tiled roofs with moulded copings to gables and parapets,brick stacks.An eclectic mixture of C13 and C14 English Gothic and Jacobean.PLAN:a long,irregular,block set back from and parallel with Pitt Street behind the northern flank of the Abbey and Cathedral Precinct Wall(qv);on the north and south sides several projecting cross wings or gabled features;the principal entrance porch approximately in the centre of the north side under the west end of the former chapel in a parallel attached range with apsidal east end;the former great hall,on the foundations of a medieval range,now the school library,in the central cross range west of the porch with service rooms in wing further west, and the principal reception rooms within the eastern end of the block.EXTERIOR:single storey Great Hall,otherwise two and three storeys,cellar and attic.Asymmetrical facades enlivened by changes in level and differences in the scale of projecting features;the north front comprises the side of the buttressed,three-bay former chapel range with apsidal east end to left,with offset buttresses,and at first-floor level a lancet in each bay;a double,cross-gabled range further left with,on the first floor and extending into the right-hand gable,a three-light window with Perpendicular tracery;cross-gabled range to right with two two-light windows with Decorated tracery,recessed to right a cross gable with two two-light Perpendicular windows,and further right a recessed lateral wing at the west end of the block;in the right-hand bay of the former chapel range an entrance porch between the buttresses with a moulded arch and lean-to roof.On the south side of the block the projecting,cross gabled end of the Great Hall with two three-light windows with Decorated tracery;to right the front has a moulded string courses at second floor and attic-floor levels and,projecting from the lateral range of the block,two short cross-gabled wings,and gabled dormers above the main range;on the east front to left,a large,two-storey compass window.All the windows at the east end of the south front and on the east front have stone mullions and upper transoms in late C16 or early C17 style.INTERIOR:rooms linked by long passage between Great Hall to principal staircase on north side at east end,the open well stair with newels with spiked knops and wrought-ironbalustrades with twisted balusters;in the windows to the stair well a collection of stained glass of various dates;in east end several large reception rooms with cross-beamed ceilings,the intersections of the beams with carved foliage and paterae;in one room a stone chimney-piece with quatrefoils in the arch spandrels maybe late C14,restored and reused;a ground floor room with carved bosses to coffered ceiling,rich ornamentation to bay window area and medieval-style carved spandrels with ornamental shields to stone fireplace.In the former chapel arched trusses supported on moulded corbels with richly carved foliage;in the Great hall trusses with semicircular arched braces to the collar tie and scissor braces above;in the windows panels of medieval and C16 stained and painted glass,possibly from the former palace.The library is positioned at right angles above the remains of the C14 domestic accommodation,which has rectangular plan bounded by very thick walls, chamfered jambs of north door and chamfered pointed-arched south door;the south wall has three piers,probably springers for C14 undercroft vaulting.Graded for the medieval fabric and for the external architectural quality of the work by Christian.(Welander D:The History,Art and Architecture of Gloucester Cathedral:Stroud,Gloucestershire:1991-:409,411;BOE:Verey D:Gloucestershire:The Vale and the Forest of Dean:London:1976-:223;VCH:The City of Gloucester:Oxford:1988-: 282).

Listing NGR: SO8311518902

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