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Little Laverall

A Grade II Listed Building in Bullingstone, Kent

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Latitude: 51.1488 / 51°8'55"N

Longitude: 0.2061 / 0°12'22"E

OS Eastings: 554400

OS Northings: 141152

OS Grid: TQ544411

Mapcode National: GBR MPH.YRZ

Mapcode Global: VHHQC.JDB5

Entry Name: Little Laverall

Listing Date: 17 August 1987

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1261068

English Heritage Legacy ID: 438765

Location: Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, TN3

County: Kent

District: Tunbridge Wells

Civil Parish: Speldhurst

Built-Up Area: Bullingstone

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Church of England Parish: Speldhurst St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Rochester

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Listing Text


3/467 Little Laverall


Cottage. Probably late medieval origins (late C15/early C16) with C16 and C17
improvements, modernised circa 1986. Exposed timber-framing on coursed
sandstone footings. Brick stack on sandstone base, brick chimneyshaft. Peg-
tile roof.

Plan and Development: 3-room plan house facing south east. Centre room has a
large axial stack backing onto the unheated left (south west) room and the
right room has a projecting gable-end stack. Present layout is the result of
C19 and C20 alterations.

House apparently began as a late medieval open hall house occupying the right
(north eastern) 2-room section. The left room (the present central room) was
probably open to the roof and heated by an open hearth fire. The evidence is
not clear cut. It could be a C16 house with the hall heated by the stack and
floored over from the beginning. The right room, the original service end,
was 2 storeys from the beginning and had an end jetty. The stack here was
inserted in the C19. There is clear evidence here of a through passage
alongside the hall and the small room to right was originally a srvice room;
buttery, pantry, dairy and the like. Left end room was added in the C17 as an
unheated crosswing of uncertain function. Roof was altered later (probably in
the late C18 or C19) when the top of the stack was rebuilt and a fireplace
provided for the first floor room.

House is 2 storeys with probably C17 lean-to outshot to rear of left end and
another on right end made up of reused timbers is probably C20.

Exterior: Irregular 3-window front of C20 casements containing diamond panes
of leaded glass. Some of the frames are probably C19. First floor windows
are C19 gabled half-dormers, their gables hung with scallop-shaped red tiles.
Front doorway left of centre and contains a C20 part-glazed plank door with
coverstrips behind a contemporary gabled porch on rustic posts. The 2 bays of
the medieval frame provide evidence of its original layout although this is
much clearer on the rear wall where the blocked passage doorway and end-jetty
can be seen. The C17 frame of the left end wall is 2 bays and includes 2
small first floor windows; both 3 lights with diamond mullions. Main roof is
gable-ended to right and hipped to left.

Interior: Well-preserved early carpentry. The right room, the former service
end, has chamfered and step-stopped axial joists with stops interrupting the
chamfers along the line of the missing passage lower screen. The upper (hall
side) passage partition is also missing. There is a chamfered and step-
stopped crossbeam along its line with only very shallow and roughly cut stave
holes along its base. Axial beam across the hall is somewhat awkwardly let
into the crossbeam. It and the joists are chamfered with step stops. A rail
of the original left end wall passes across the chimneybreast suggesting that
the stack is secondary. The large sandstone fireplace has a replacement oak
lintel. It includes some brick rebuilding including a large brick bread oven
with removeable iron door. At first floor level the wall plate and tie beam
are quite low and the tie is broken through to provide a doorway. No main
timbers above the tie. Roof of common rafter couples with mortises for lap-
jointed collars and evidence of hip arrangements each end of the medieval 2-
bay section. The rafters are dark but not definitely smoke-blackened. The
C17 extension has evidence of a clasped purlin cross roof construction which
was latered to a hip when a brick fireplace provided to the first floor room.

This is an interesting and intriguing house, apparently a rare example of a
small 2-cell late medieval hall house. Presumably it was related to the large
medieval house close by to the south east, The Cottage and Holly Cottage

Listing NGR: TQ5442341137

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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