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Latitude: 54.0626 / 54°3'45"N
Longitude: -3.1736 / 3°10'24"W
OS Eastings: 323284
OS Northings: 463593
OS Grid: SD232635
Mapcode National: GBR 6P8G.QF
Mapcode Global: WH72X.740X
Entry Name: Piel Castle
Listing Date: 10 November 1949
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1283004
English Heritage Legacy ID: 388354
Location: Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, LA13
Electoral Ward/Division: Roosecote
Traditional County: Lancashire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria
Church of England Parish: Rampside St Michael
Church of England Diocese: Carlisle
BARROW IN FURNESS
SD26SW PIEL ISLAND
708-1/8/238 Piel Castle
Ruins of castle. Licensed 1327, dismantled 1403, repaired
c1429 (previous list description). Cobble rubble with red
sandstone dressings. Incomplete 3-storey keep now of 2 long
cells with north gatehouse; east side collapsed. Inner defence
on 2 sides has gatehouse to west and corner towers. Less
complete outer bailey with section of wall and freestanding
towers linked by mound and ditch.
Keep: chamfered plinth; offset diagonal buttresses and
mid-point buttresses; pointed, 2-light windows originally with
quatrefoils. Vaulted gatehouse has moulded, pointed arch with
clinging figure carved on keystone; hexagonal clasping
buttresses. Internal spiral stair to left is lit by slits each
side of the buttress; wall bows out at another spiral stair on
right return. Projection at south-east corner has different
floor levels. Vaulted look-outs at corners of parapet. Inner
defence: 2-storey west gatehouse with pointed arches and 2
flights of steps against wall to north; north-west tower is
Furness Abbey (qv) engaged in much trade through Piel Harbour
and fortified this site soon after the Scottish invasions of
1316 and 1322. The castle provided a secure warehouse for
contraband goods including Flemish wool. Henry IV briefly took
possession but not before the abbots had the roof stripped to
ensure the King did not install revenue men. In 1487 Lambert
Simnel and an army of mercenaries landed at Piel intending to
dethrone Henry VII; their march ended in defeat at the Battle
of Stoke. By 1530 the castle had long been in ruins. Scheduled
Ancient Monument now in the care of English Heritage.
(Barnes F: Barrow and District: Barrow: 1968-: 32-33, 38).
Listing NGR: SD2330063566
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