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31, 31A, 32 and 32A, Oxford Street

A Grade II Listed Building in Central, Swindon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.562 / 51°33'43"N

Longitude: -1.7905 / 1°47'25"W

OS Eastings: 414620

OS Northings: 184812

OS Grid: SU146848

Mapcode National: GBR YPT.R0

Mapcode Global: VHB3D.XZ9Y

Plus Code: 9C3WH665+RR

Entry Name: 31, 31A, 32 and 32A, Oxford Street

Listing Date: 17 February 1970

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1355875

English Heritage Legacy ID: 318793

Location: Central Swindon South, Swindon, SN1

County: Swindon

Electoral Ward/Division: Central

Built-Up Area: Swindon

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Swindon New Town

Church of England Diocese: Bristol

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Description

This list entry was subject to a Minor Enhancement on 28/04/2020

SU 1484 NE
6/131

SWINDON
OXFORD STREET (south side)
Nos. 31, 31a, 32 and 32a

17.2.70

GV
II
In order to house the workforce for the new Great Western Railway works, IK Brunel designed a new village to the south of the railway line. Brunel’s early layout drawings of 1840 show a grid similar to the final plan of 12 terraces in six blocks on either side of the High Street (from 1893 Emlyn Square). Construction started in 1842, and by 1855 most of the buildings had been completed. Houses and cottages of different types were built, as well as lodging houses. Brunel himself designed only the first block of 1842 (4-25 Bristol Street); as it was visible from the railway line, this is in a more decorative style than the others.
The financial difficulties of the contractors JD & C Rigby, who undertook to build 300 cottages but only completed 130, delayed the completion of the village until the 1850s. The cottages to the west of Emlyn Square were built first (1842-1843), followed by those on the east side (1845-1847). The end blocks towards Emlyn Square, containing corner shops on the ground floor, were built in 1845-1847, and the remainder, mostly end blocks on the outer ends of the streets, were built in 1853-1855. In 1966, the local authority acquired the cottages from British Rail and restored them. The village is one of Britain’s best-preserved and architecturally most ambitious railway settlements.

Two houses, now flats, in terrace. 1847 for Great Western Railway Company. Ashlar limestone in black mortar, coursed rubble to rear wall. Slate roof. Stone based brick stacks on gable walls. Each house two-storey three bays, central door and hallway with flanking rooms. C20 lean-to at rear. C20 fifteen-pane doors up one step, in painted chamfered surrounds and splayed stops. Tripartite two-pane sashes within chamfered surrounds. Label moulds over all ground floor openings. Blind light over doors. No yard walls. Extensively renovated c1974.

Listing NGR: SU1461784808

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