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1-17, ST PAULS STREET (See details for further address information)

A Grade II Listed Building in Tiverton, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.903 / 50°54'10"N

Longitude: -3.492 / 3°29'31"W

OS Eastings: 295183

OS Northings: 112558

OS Grid: SS951125

Mapcode National: GBR LH.RK4L

Mapcode Global: FRA 36KQ.CCP

Entry Name: 1-17, ST PAULS STREET (See details for further address information)

Listing Date: 14 December 1972

Last Amended: 10 April 2000

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1384903

English Heritage Legacy ID: 485362

Location: Tiverton, Mid Devon, Devon, EX16

County: Devon

District: Mid Devon

Civil Parish: Tiverton

Built-Up Area: Tiverton

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Tiverton St Paul, West Exe

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

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Listing Text


TIVERTON

SS9512 ST PAUL'S STREET, Tiverton
848-1/6/273 (North side)
14/12/72 Nos.1-17 (Odd)
(Formerly Listed as:
ST PAUL'S STREET
Nos.1 to 17 (odd), Nos.4 to 18
(even))

GV II

Includes: No.1 St Paul Street WEST-EXE NORTH.
Includes: No.17 St Paul Street CHURCH STREET.
Terrace of 9 middle-class houses. Architect unknown to date.
The houses were erected in the 1860s by Caroline Brewin, John
Heathcoat's daughter, married to Heathcoat's business partner,
Ambrose Brewin. The rentals were intended to endow the church
of St Paul's, built at the end of the street on a site donated
by John Heathcoat. The income from the houses was covenanted
to the church.
MATERIALS: Flemish bond yellow brick, rear elevations purple
stone rubble with brick dressings; natural slate roofs;
cast-iron window sills, probably made in the Heathcoat
foundry; stacks with brick shafts and tapering yellow
chimney-pots; cast-iron rainwater goods with downpipes
recessed in chases in the front wall.
PLAN: one of two terraces, lining St Paul's Street and
conceived architecturally as a sight-line to St Paul's Church,
which stands at the west end of the street. Nos 1 & 17 have
attractive, recessed, rounded corners, echoed in the rounded
corners of the slate roofs. Each house is double-fronted with
end stacks and a central entrance.
The original plan was 2 principal front rooms with a central
passage, originally ending in the stair; rear left kitchen,
rear right scullery and pantry; rear courtyard bounded by
stone rubble wall contains laundry and lavatory.
The end houses, Nos 1 & 17, are entered on the returns in St
Paul's Square and West Exe North, respectively. No.1 is a
shop.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys and attic. Each house has a symmetrical
3-bay front with deep boxed eaves and a central, recessed,
round-headed doorway with a rusticated surround and incised
Greek key on the doorcase. 4-panel door with fanlight with
spoke glazing bars. Outer windows are 16-pane hornless sashes,
the central first-floor window is a 12-pane sash. Original
attic dormers, 2 to each house, are gabled with slate-hung
sides, plain bargeboards and glazed with 2-light casements, 2
panes per light.
The rear elevation of the terrace preserves most of the
original 16-pane sashes. There have been some rear additions,
mostly quite modest in scale. Nos 1 & 17 each have a
pilastered Doric doorcase with cornice and deep 3-pane
overlight. 4-panel doors match the others on the terrace, all
windows are 16-pane sashes.
No.1 has a shop front wrapping round the corner. This might be
original or later C19. It has end pilasters, reeded below,
with sunk panels above and robustly-moulded console brackets.
The deep fascia has a moulded cornice. There are 2-light plate
glass shop windows on either side of a recessed porch. The
lights of the windows are divided by slender mullions, the
outer standards with capitals and wrought-iron spandrels. The
roof of the recessed porch is supported on fluted cast-iron
columns. 2-leaf C20 shop door with deep overlight with upper
rounded corners.
INTERIOR: Nos 15 & 11 inspected. Both preserve original
polished limestone chimney-pieces and original panelled doors.
No.11 is remarkably intact throughout with original low
cupboards on either side of the fireplace, a stick baluster
stair with mahogany handrail, and the original scullery and
pantry, as well as the laundry and lavatory in the pitched
stone rear yard.
HISTORY: these houses have sometimes been confused with
Heathcoat's industrial housing for lace makers and other works
in Tiverton. Visually they are connected to the industrial
housing as relatively plain, although very late versions of
the simple Georgian style favoured by Heathcoat, and they do
have the cast-iron window sills that characterise many of the
factory-workers' housing, and which were probably made in the
Heathcoat foundry. Brayshay, however, reports that there is no
evidence in the census returns that they were ever tenanted by
lace-workers and describes them as "a small middle-class
enclave in the midst of an essentially working class
district".
(Southern History: Brayshay M: Heathcoat's Industrial Housing
in Tiverton, Devon: 1991-: 82-104).


Listing NGR: SS9518312558

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