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Latitude: 51.9047 / 51°54'16"N
Longitude: -2.0734 / 2°4'24"W
OS Eastings: 395044
OS Northings: 222906
OS Grid: SO950229
Mapcode National: GBR 2M4.JMK
Mapcode Global: VHB1Q.0DQ7
Entry Name: Numbers 1 to 19 and Attached Railings
Listing Date: 12 March 1955
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1386849
English Heritage Legacy ID: 474260
Location: Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50
Electoral Ward/Division: St Paul's
Built-Up Area: Cheltenham
Traditional County: Gloucestershire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire
Church of England Parish: Cheltenham St Paul
Church of England Diocese: Gloucester
SO9522NW CLARENCE SQUARE
630-1/10/264 (South side)
12/03/55 Nos.1-19 (Consecutive)
and attached railings
Terrace of 19 houses and attached railings. Nos 1-14 built
1834-8; Nos 15-19 built 1847-9. Stucco over brick (painted
except to No.19), slate roofs and brick party-wall stacks;
iron first-floor balconies and railings.
EXTERIOR: 3 storeys with basements, Nos 9, 10 and 11 (centre
range) have 4 storeys; 38 first-floor windows (2 per house).
Most have range to rear. The central 5 houses (Nos 8-12) break
forward, and the centre 3 break forward again. Stucco
detailing includes: horizontal rustication to ground floor,
drawn into voussoirs over windows; to Nos 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10
and 11 the horizontal rustication defines a wide, shallow,
cambered window recess. Continuous first-floor sill band
surmounted by Tuscan pilasters through first and second floors
to breakforwards, continuous frieze and cornice; blocking
course except to centre 5 houses (Nos 8-12) of which the outer
2 have balustrades, otherwise frieze, cornice and blocking
course above third floor. First floor has tall 6/6 sashes
(except No.19 has C20 French windows), all in tooled
architraves. Second floor has mainly 3/6, 6/6, 8/8 sashes.
Third floor has 6/6 sashes. Basements have 6/6, 8/8 and
tripartite 8/8 between 2/2 sashes. Ground floor has 6/6 with
margin-light sashes to shallow recesses where original;
otherwise sashes with cambered heads, mainly 6/6 with 2/2
side-lights. Entrances: flights of roll-edged steps to Nos 1,
3, 8 and 9 at left, otherwise at right: flights of roll-edged
steps to mainly 4-panel doors with sidelights under overlights
and cambered-arched lights, mainly with decorative glazing
bars, Nos 3, 4 and 5 have web motif and Nos 5 and 6 have
batwing and circle motif. Rear: many 6/6, 6/6 with
margin-lights, and 8/8 sashes.
INTERIOR: not inspected.
SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: spearhead and lancet railings to sides of
steps throughout. Forecourt lancet railings to No.10 with bars
and dog-bars; and to No.17 a balustrade with rod-and-circle
motif. First-floor balconies, continuous to each house have
scrolled lozenge motif (after LN Cottingham, plate 16); Nos 17
and 19 have balusters with scroll borders cast by Falkirk Iron
Company; no balustrade to No.18. No.14 has ground-floor window
box with scroll motif. Some boot-scrapers. At rear a
window-guard to No.4.
HISTORICAL NOTE: built as part of the development of this area
(the Pittville Estate) undertaken for Joseph Pitt in 1825-42,
the general layout being designed by the architect John
Forbes. Clarence Square was laid out in the late 1820s,
building began in 1832. The Square was named after the Duke of
Clarence, who became William IV in 1830. No.19 was inhabited
by Charles Sturt, the Australian explorer (1863-69).
(Sampson A and Blake S: A Cheltenham Companion: Cheltenham:
1993-: 30-31; Blake S: Pittville: 1824-1860: Cheltenham:
1988-: 58-60; Chatwin A: Cheltenham's Ornamental Ironwork:
Cheltenham: 1975-1984: 47).
Listing NGR: SO9501222916
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