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Latitude: 51.8976 / 51°53'51"N
Longitude: -2.0796 / 2°4'46"W
OS Eastings: 394617
OS Northings: 222115
OS Grid: SO946221
Mapcode National: GBR 2M4.WL0
Mapcode Global: VH947.WKYP
Entry Name: Numbers 121 and 123 and Attached Railings
Listing Date: 12 March 1955
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1387684
English Heritage Legacy ID: 475670
Location: Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50
Electoral Ward/Division: Lansdown
Built-Up Area: Cheltenham
Traditional County: Gloucestershire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire
Church of England Parish: Cheltenham, St Mary with St Matthew
Church of England Diocese: Gloucester
630-1/13/754 (North West side)
12/03/55 Nos.121 AND 123
and attached railings
Pair of semi-detached villas, now offices and attached
railings. c1834-40 (shown as laid out on Merrett's Map of
1834). Possibly designed by John Forbes. Ashlar over brick
with concealed roof and central and end brick and stucco
stacks; iron balcony.
EXTERIOR: 2 storeys with attic and basement, 8 first-floor
windows arranged 1:1:4:1:1. Double depth plan with outer side
hallways. End and central breakforwards, ends have
Composite-type pilasters through ground and first floors
surmounted by continuous entablature; central 6-window range
has ground-floor horizontal rustication, drawn into voussoirs
over central 4 windows and with first-floor band. Outer
windows have tooled architraves, those to ground floor have
cambered heads and cornices on console brackets, those to
first floor are eared. Central 4 first-floor windows have
tooled architraves and cornices, otherwise first-floor windows
have panels over. Outer windows to ground floor are tripartite
6/6 between 2/2 sashes, those to first floor are 6/6 with
margin-lights; otherwise 6/6 sashes, taller to ground floor,
and those to centre, ground floor in wider elliptically-arched
recesses. Attic has two tripartite windows with mainly 2/2
sashes and casements. Basement has 6/6 and 8/8 sashes. Outer
entrances, double 4-panel doors with overlights with lozenge
glazing bars and margin-lights within pilastered doorcases.
Rear: 5 Doric pilasters through ground and first floors, to
ends and between pairs of windows surmounted by continuous
crowning entablature. 6/6 sashes, taller to ground floor; 3/3
sashes to attic.
INTERIOR: retains original plasterwork including acanthus
cornice and anthemion ceiling frieze to ground-floor front
room, ceiling roses; dogleg staircase has iron balusters,
alternately embellished and stick balusters. Some marble
fireplaces. Original joinery includes 4-panel doors and
panelled shutters to windows.
SUBSIDIARY FEATURES: continuous balcony, probably by
Marshalls, has embellished scrolled heart motif derived from
LN Cottingham. Railings to sides of steps are alternately
embellished and sticks.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Forbes acquired the plot of No.129 Promenade
(qv) in 1833. The Promenade was laid out in 1818 as a
tree-lined avenue to the Sherborne Spa (on the site of the
Queen's Hotel (qv)) from the Colonnade on the High Street, by
1826 it was a carriage drive with spacious gravelled walk on
each side. Buildings on the NW side were the first to be
Nos 121 and 123 form a distinguished group of semi-detached
villas with Nos 125 and 127 (qv) and 129 and 131 (qv)
Promenade, which with No.133 (qv) and The Queen's Hotel (qv)
overlook Imperial Gardens.
(The Buildings of England: Verey D: Gloucestershire: The Vale
and The Forest of Dean: London: 1970-: 146; Williams GA: Guide
Book to Cheltenham: 1824-: 29; Chatwin A: Cheltenham's
Ornamental Ironwork: Cheltenham: 1975-1984: 29,40; Merrett HS:
Plan of the Town of Cheltenham: 1834-; Blake S: 'The
Unfortunate Mr Forbes': Cheltenham Local History Society
Journal: 1989-: 7-27).
Listing NGR: SO9461222114
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