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Ropers Bridge

A Grade II Listed Building in Whiston, Knowsley

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Latitude: 53.4136 / 53°24'48"N

Longitude: -2.7998 / 2°47'59"W

OS Eastings: 346938

OS Northings: 391050

OS Grid: SJ469910

Mapcode National: GBR 8XWZ.N1

Mapcode Global: WH879.YGYF

Plus Code: 9C5VC672+C3

Entry Name: Ropers Bridge

Listing Date: 2 November 2007

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1392301

English Heritage Legacy ID: 503553

Location: Whiston, Knowsley, L35

County: Knowsley

Civil Parish: Whiston

Built-Up Area: Prescot

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Merseyside

Church of England Parish: Whiston St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: Liverpool

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Listing Text





Road bridge spanning the former Liverpool & Manchester Railway Line. c.1829, by George Stephenson, engineer. Coursed squared blocks of red sandstone with decorative tooling finishes and ashlar dressings.

DESCRIPTION: Single span arched masonry bridge, spanning the former Liverpool & Manchester Railway Line, and aligned SW to NE at an angle to the rail track.
It supports a dual lane carriageway and a pedestrian footpath to the west side and to the approaches to the east side only. Low parapet walls of large sandstone blocks with banded rustication to the external faces, two short sections of the west parapet wall with replacement copings. The main body of the bridge formed of large stone blocks with vermiculated rustication, the segmental arch with deep voussoirs and projecting keystone flanked by full-height pilaster strips. The spandrel walls are strengthened with C20 tie bars. Above the arch, a projecting band course supports the bridge parapet. Large rusticated coursed masonry block walling continues for a short distance beyond the pilaster strips beneath a band course and is then replaced by approach walling of plainer character with some replaced copings, and a continuation of the band course. Wide abutments support walls to the south side of the bridge.

HISTORY: The Liverpool & Manchester Railway Line was completed in 1829 and officially opened on the 15th September 1830. It is widely regarded as the earliest locomotive passenger line in the world (the earlier Stockton-Darlington line of 1821 having been primarily used for transporting goods rather than people).
In 1826 George Stephenson was appointed as the line's engineer and designed not only the railway line and associated tunnels and cuttings, but a number of road and railway overbridges which were constructed c.1829.

Ropers Bridge is designated at grade II for the following principal reasons:

* The bridge is one of the earliest bridges of the railway age, designed and built by George Stephenson in c.1829 on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Line, which is widely regarded as the earliest locomotive passenger line in the world
* Despite some minor stonework replacement, the bridge is well preserved and in good condition with no evidence of widening. Architectural interest is enhanced by the angled design and the incorporation of rusticated stonework.
* The bridge has strong group value with the nearby Skew Bridge, Rainhill and Railway Bridge, Huyton with Roby, both listed at Grade II. Together the bridges form an important contemporary and similarly designed group of angled bridges designed by George Stephenson as significant representative elements of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Line and the early development of the British railway network.

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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