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Preston Hall Policies, Stables Including Kennels, Piggery, Pheasantry and Cottages

A Category A Listed Building in Midlothian East, Midlothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.8824 / 55°52'56"N

Longitude: -2.9661 / 2°57'58"W

OS Eastings: 339658

OS Northings: 665896

OS Grid: NT396658

Mapcode National: GBR 70QF.M5

Mapcode Global: WH7V7.DDST

Entry Name: Preston Hall Policies, Stables Including Kennels, Piggery, Pheasantry and Cottages

Listing Date: 22 January 1971

Category: A

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 330315

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB113

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Cranston

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian East

Parish: Cranston

Traditional County: Midlothian

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Description

Robert Mitchell, 1795. 2-storey, 9-bay quadrangular-plan neo-classical stable and office block. Central pedimented entrance pend with regular links to 2?-storey pedimented pavilions. Ashlar front with projecting base, band and eaves course; cornice. Coursed and random sandstone rubble to courtyard and lesser elevations. Low ashlar parapet concealing main roofline.

W (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: central arched entrance pend with pair of wrought-iron swept top gates with arrowhead dogbars and doorways to adjacent blocks leading from its interior, exterior elevation flanked by advanced paired Tuscan columns standing on squared bases supporting architraved triangular pediment with plain tympanum; 2-storey, 3-bay linking blocks flanking central arch, eaves course and low parapet to roofline. 2?-storey pavilions to outer left and right: high arched recess containing pilastered tripartite window to ground floor (outer lights blind), semi-circular window above; cornice mirroring parapet of main building with ?-storey above containing rectangular louvred opening, eaves course.

N ELEVATION: slightly projecting pavilion to right with small bipartite window to ground floor and ventilation louvre to attic; ground floor window adjacent left in main block; to far left, door with window aligned to 1st floor, further window to right.

E (REAR) ELEVATION: slightly advanced central pavilion with segmental-arched access pend and 2-leaf timber gates; former hayloft and dovecote above. To left, main block with bipartite and single window to 1st floor. Lean-to piggery to left and centre of elevation with paired access doors and entrance door to right return, adjoining pheasantry wall to left return; slightly altered wall with pair of gatepiers forming enclosed pigpen. To right of entrance: main block with 2 windows to 1st floor and single window to ground floor aligned with right window. Former single storey L-plan kennels adjoining ground floor right with entrances to S, ashlar walls (meeting main block) with 3 wrought-iron entrance gates and high railings forming dog runs. To E: blind wall with entrance door off centre right. To N: single window with 2-pane Carron light to roof. Re-entrant rear angle concealed by vegetation.

S ELEVATION: slightly projecting tower to left with small bipartite window to ground floor and ventilation louvre to attic stage; altered fenestration to centre of elevation providing modern accommodation with lean-to glass house.

COURTYARD ELEVATIONS: four 2-storey blocks meeting to form enclosed re-surfaced courtyard

W ELEVATION: high arched central pend with single window to ground floor flanks; smaller aligned window to 1st floor placed close to eaves; 2-leaf timber doors in later squared cart arch to left; blind wall to right of entrance.

N AND S ELEVATIONS: 2-storey, 5-bay elevations, door to outer and central bays of ground floors, each with 2-leaf timber panelled door and 3-pane fanlight above; widow to bays 2 and 4. To 1st floor, central former hayloft boarded timber door with 2 windows flanking. Additional small door to extreme left of ground floor on N elevation.

E ELEVATION: slightly advanced central tower with segmental-arched access pend, now blind window to 1st floor with blind half storey surmounting. To left of tower, 2-storey, 4-bay block: window and door to bays 1 and 2 on the ground floor, pair of segmental-headed cart pends to bays 3 and 4; to 1st floor, 4 small windows placed close to eaves. To right of tower, as left with fenestration reversed.

6, 8 and 12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows with multi-paned semi-circular windows to pavilions. Timber ventilation louvres to pavilions. Piended grey slate roof to main building and towers with lead ridging. Cast-iron rainwater goods and hoppers. Many small ashlar wallhead stacks with plain terracotta cans survive; some ridgeline stacks with ashlar neck copes and plain cans.

INTERIOR: originally planned stabling and offices set around central square courtyard, some dividers in remaining stables, original stair cases to upper storey of blocks. NE and SW angles of blocks altered to form accommodation for estate workers. Courtyard re-surfaced in concrete.

PHEASANTRY: low ashlar and rubble wall forming rough square, adjoining stable block to left of S elevation, and piggery to right of S elevation, enclosing now garden ground.

COTTAGES: single storey, 9-bay cottage accommodation with alternate window door fenestration running parallel to E elevation of stables; blind gables to N and S; irregular fenestration to E (rear). Further outbuilding to S pertaining to former piggery.

Statement of Interest

Part of an A-Group with Preston Hall, Temple, Gazebos and Walled Garden, Lion's Gates, all set within a designated designed landscape. The stable and office were designed and built as part of improvements to the estate. It appears on both of the early estate plans that clearly show the quadrangle within differing landscapes. The building has a separate entrance gate, away from the formal Lion's Gate that services the main house. Sited to the east, the less formal drive terminates in a small lodge with kennels and outbuildings opposite to an estate farm called Rosemains. The stables share architectural motifs with Preston Hall and other estate buildings. Robert Mitchell (originally from Aberdeen, but who practised in London) planned the new house and estate buildings, most of which survive. The paired columns are seen again on the Lion's Gate and the west wings of the house. The main elevation of the stables (seen from the house through the parkland) is constructed from high quality ashlar; the lesser elevations are finished in coursed sandstone rubble. A piggery, complete with stys and pig houses is still sited at the rear of the stables. The kennels still have the wrought-iron railings dividing the dog runs. A pheasantry was sited to the S of the stables (now a garden), reinforcing the practical use of the building range, as opposed to the decorative splendour of the main house. A row of cottages is sited behind the main building and would have housed workers for the estate. The buildings are all still in use, with the exception of the kennels.

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