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Preston Hall Policies, the Temple

A Category A Listed Building in Midlothian East, Midlothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.8871 / 55°53'13"N

Longitude: -2.9687 / 2°58'7"W

OS Eastings: 339503

OS Northings: 666419

OS Grid: NT395664

Mapcode National: GBR 70QC.2H

Mapcode Global: WH7V7.C9K6

Entry Name: Preston Hall Policies, the Temple

Listing Date: 22 January 1971

Category: A

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 331204

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB779

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Cranston

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Midlothian East

Parish: Cranston

Traditional County: Midlothian

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Prestonpans

Description

Robert Mitchell, circa 1795. Classical octagonal-plan temple with bell-roofed tempietto surmounting. Heavy rusticated base course. Dressed sandstone ashlar exterior; random sandstone and red brick interior.

ALL ELEVATIONS: central archway with plain wrought-iron railings (gate to entrance), plain plaque above; sloping sides flanking with blind rectangular window to ground floor, smaller blind window above; projecting corbelled course leading to low parapet; partially concealed roof above with platformed centre. Tempietto surmounting, comprising 8 sandstone Tuscan columns supporting ornate moulded frieze with corbelled cornice, lead cupola with metal finial surmounting.

Blind windows. Timber roof structure with bell-cast lead roof to main temple and lead dome on tempietto; red brick dome to interior of temple.

INTERIOR: plain stone and brick work; flagged floor.

Statement of Interest

Part of an A-Group with Preston Hall, Stables, Gazebos and Lion's Gate. Robert Mitchell, who also designed the estate buildings, designed the temple. It was intended to be a mausoleum for the Hall's first owner (Alexander Callander, an Indian nabob) but was never used for this purpose. He died even before the main house could be finished. His brother (Sir John Callander) had the outstanding building work finished off, and it was he who put the final touches to the temple. He had the tempietto brought from Preston Hall's south gardens to adorn the top of the monument. Sited N of the main house, it is found at the end of a tree-lined vista, surrounded by a timber fence with wrought-iron railings in each entrance.

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