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Latitude: 55.8871 / 55°53'13"N
Longitude: -2.9687 / 2°58'7"W
OS Eastings: 339503
OS Northings: 666419
OS Grid: NT395664
Mapcode National: GBR 70QC.2H
Mapcode Global: WH7V7.C9K6
Entry Name: Preston Hall Policies, the Temple
Listing Date: 22 January 1971
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 331204
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB779
Building Class: Cultural
Electoral Ward: Midlothian East
Traditional County: Midlothian
Robert Mitchell, circa 1795. Classical octagonal-plan temple with bell-roofed tempietto surmounting. Heavy rusticated base course. Dressed sandstone ashlar exterior; random sandstone and red brick interior.
ALL ELEVATIONS: central archway with plain wrought-iron railings (gate to entrance), plain plaque above; sloping sides flanking with blind rectangular window to ground floor, smaller blind window above; projecting corbelled course leading to low parapet; partially concealed roof above with platformed centre. Tempietto surmounting, comprising 8 sandstone Tuscan columns supporting ornate moulded frieze with corbelled cornice, lead cupola with metal finial surmounting.
Blind windows. Timber roof structure with bell-cast lead roof to main temple and lead dome on tempietto; red brick dome to interior of temple.
INTERIOR: plain stone and brick work; flagged floor.
Part of an A-Group with Preston Hall, Stables, Gazebos and Lion's Gate. Robert Mitchell, who also designed the estate buildings, designed the temple. It was intended to be a mausoleum for the Hall's first owner (Alexander Callander, an Indian nabob) but was never used for this purpose. He died even before the main house could be finished. His brother (Sir John Callander) had the outstanding building work finished off, and it was he who put the final touches to the temple. He had the tempietto brought from Preston Hall's south gardens to adorn the top of the monument. Sited N of the main house, it is found at the end of a tree-lined vista, surrounded by a timber fence with wrought-iron railings in each entrance.
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