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Latitude: 57.047 / 57°2'49"N
Longitude: -2.6812 / 2°40'52"W
OS Eastings: 358768
OS Northings: 795305
OS Grid: NO587953
Mapcode National: GBR WV.B5P7
Mapcode Global: WH7NR.S4FK
Entry Name: Midstrath Limekiln
Listing Date: 16 April 1971
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 334074
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB3094
Building Class: Cultural
Electoral Ward: Banchory and Mid Deeside
Traditional County: Aberdeenshire
Early 19th century. N facing, single 3-draw limekiln, partially collapsed. Mainly dry granite rubble with long and short finely finished dressings. 3 round-arched fireholes, that to centre in advanced battered bay; blocked up. Curved wing walls.
During the 18th and 19th centuries lime was frequently used on farms to improve the quality and fertility of the land. It was also used in industry and by the building trade. Draw-kilns replaced the simpler clamp-kilns. They are vertical, with various numbers of access vents at the bottom to allow access to the fire so it can be kindled. Limestone is loaded into the top of the kiln (which is often built into a hillside to provide easy access, as at Midstrath), then burnt slowly, which removes the carbon dioxide from the limestone leaving calcium oxide, or quicklime. This can then be raked out the bottom and is pure enough for use. In some cases the vents, point in different directions and can be shut off or opened according to the wind direction. The farmer at Midstrath ran the limestone quarry and sold lime locally, however the coming of the railway bought cheaper (if inferior) lime to Deeside, and it soon became uneconomical to run the limekiln, which was out of use by the time Dinnie wrote his book in 1865.
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