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The Wrack, Former Industrial Building

A Category C Listed Building in Banff, Aberdeenshire

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Latitude: 57.6493 / 57°38'57"N

Longitude: -2.539 / 2°32'20"W

OS Eastings: 367928

OS Northings: 862281

OS Grid: NJ679622

Mapcode National: GBR N82H.ZHL

Mapcode Global: WH8LV.ZZ4V

Entry Name: The Wrack, Former Industrial Building

Listing Date: 15 March 1995

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 338327

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB6663

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Banff

County: Aberdeenshire

Electoral Ward: Banff and District

Parish: Banff

Traditional County: Banffshire

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Mid 18th century. Broad, rectangular, 2-storey and attic, wide 4-bay range with wheelhouse projecting from long E elevation. Harl pointed rubble, tooled ashlar margins. Enlarged ground floor openings in both long elevations; paired 1st and large dormerless attic windows in broad N and S return gables. Corniced end stacks; slate roof. Single storey, roofless rubble wheelhouse projects from long E elevation. Later single storey, lean-to extension against S gable.

INTERIOR: ground floor gutted; fragments of simple moulded plaster ceiling cornice survive in 1st floor.

Statement of Interest

Photographs, circa 1900, of (now roofless) wheelhouse and undershot wheel, retained in Banff Library. The building has been used as a saw-mill but was probably constructed for use in the substantial flax and linen industry that thrived in Banff in mid 18th century; the nearby meadow could have served as a bleaching green. It is notable for its breadth and large gable attic windows lighting the garret workplace. The building is sited close to the River Deveron, a source of water for the industrial processes carried on within and diverted

to the mill lade visible to the south. It is also possible that the

building served as a corf house or salmon station after the demise

of the flax/linen industry in the early 19th century. The Town Clerk's list (Banff), c.1820, enumerates 10 salmon fishing stations on the Deveron including 'a principal fishing station with a Corf house, covered with slate' at The Wrack or Nether Rake Fishing. The Deveron commercial salmon fishings were very prosperous. The Wrack also spelt Rack and Rake.

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