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Latitude: 57.1479 / 57°8'52"N
Longitude: -2.0926 / 2°5'33"W
OS Eastings: 394494
OS Northings: 806341
OS Grid: NJ944063
Mapcode National: GBR SD7.GM
Mapcode Global: WH9QQ.TLPP
Entry Name: 42-44 (Inclusive Nos) Castle Street
Listing Date: 12 January 1967
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 354780
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB20170
Building Class: Cultural
Electoral Ward: George St/Harbour
Traditional County: Aberdeenshire
Early 19th century. 3-storey and attic 3-bay Classical tenement, altered to ground. Grey granite ashlar. Moulded eaves course. Segmental- arched opening to ground floor far left. 3 flat-roofed dormers to mansard roof. Late 20th century 4-storey extension to rear.
Predominately 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Grey slate. Gable stacks. Cast-iron rainwater goods.
This is a good example of an early Classical tenement building which forms a significant part of the streetscape of the Castlegate. The simple classical style is typical of granite buildings of this period before sophisticated cutting techniques were developed. From the late 19th century, this building and Nos 40-41A Castle Street (see separate listing) housed the Lithographers, George Cornwall and Sons. The building was damaged by fire in 1975 and refurbished into flats and commercial premises. The segmental-arched opening formed a pend which originally led to a now demolished branch of the National Bank of Scotland.
Castle Street (or Castlegate) is considered by many to be the heart of Aberdeen city centre. It has been the site of the main market place since the 12th century. It contains a 17th century Mercat Cross (a Scheduled Ancient Monument). The central rectangular area has, through the centuries, been bounded by a succession of different buildings, predominantly private houses and commercial premises. The Tolbooth was built here in the 17th century. The earlier buildings were replaced from the 19th century onwards using the existing footprint, and therefore the important large central space which continues to form a focal point for the city was retained.
Part of B Group with Nos 1-7 Justice Street, Nos 9-23, 31-35, 40-48, 51 and 52 (inclusive nos) Castle Street, and Salvation Army Citadel.
Category changed from B to C(S), 2007.
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