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55, 56 and 57 Castle Street

A Category B Listed Building in Aberdeen, Aberdeen

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Coordinates

Latitude: 57.1476 / 57°8'51"N

Longitude: -2.0938 / 2°5'37"W

OS Eastings: 394424

OS Northings: 806304

OS Grid: NJ944063

Mapcode National: GBR SD2.FY

Mapcode Global: WH9QQ.TL4Y

Entry Name: 55, 56 and 57 Castle Street

Listing Date: 12 January 1967

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 354785

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB20175

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Aberdeen

County: Aberdeen

Town: Aberdeen

Electoral Ward: George St/Harbour

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire

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Description

Early 19th century. 3-storey and attic, 3-bay Classical tenement with Public House to ground and keystoned round-arched pend opening to far left. Grey granite ashlar, rubble to rear. Eaves band. Pair of bowed dormers.

Castle Street (N) elevation: ground floor round-arched openings to outer bays flank central Public House with timber fascia. That to left to pend, that to right with 6-panel timber entrance door and astragalled glazed fanlight above.

Predominately 12-pane timber sash and case windows to upper storeys, plate glass to ground. Grey slates. Gable stacks.

Statement of Interest

This is a good example of an early Classical tenement which forms a significant part of the streetscape of the Castlegate. Pends are a particular feature of 19th century Aberdeen and this building retains its pend which leads to an open courtyard and further buildings to the rear, including No 54 Castle Street (see separate listing). Although once common, many of these pends have now been incorporated into the main building. The simple Classical style is typical of granite buildings of this period before sophisticated cutting techniques were developed.

Castle Street (or Castlegate) is considered by many to be the heart of Aberdeen city centre. It has been the site of the main market place since the 12th century. It contains a 17th century Mercat Cross (a Scheduled Ancient Monument). The central rectangular area has, through the centuries, been bounded by a succession of different buildings, predominately private houses and commercial premises. The Tolbooth was built here in the 17th century. The earlier buildings were replaced from the 19th century onwards using the existing footprint, and therefore the important large central space which continues to form a focal point for the city was retained.

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