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87 and 89 Union Street

A Category C Listed Building in Aberdeen, Aberdeen

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Coordinates

Latitude: 57.1466 / 57°8'47"N

Longitude: -2.0979 / 2°5'52"W

OS Eastings: 394173

OS Northings: 806190

OS Grid: NJ941061

Mapcode National: GBR SCG.SL

Mapcode Global: WH9QQ.RM5Q

Entry Name: 87 and 89 Union Street

Listing Date: 12 January 1967

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 355436

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB20523

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Aberdeen

County: Aberdeen

Electoral Ward: George St/Harbour

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire

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Description

John Simpson, 1827. 4-storey and attic, 3-bay classical tenement with altered shop to ground. Grey granite ashlar. Cornice. Pedimented bipartite dormers.

Predominantly 12-pane and plate glass timber sash and case windows. Gable stacks.

Statement of Interest

This tenement building is situated towards the East end of Union Street and forms an essential part of the planned street. Shown on the John Wood map of 1828, it is an early example of a classical tenements. The simple classical style is typical of granite buildings of this period before sophisticated cutting techniques were developed. Planned as the major thoroughfare in an increasingly wealthy and confident city, Union Street was a bold and confident project which required major engineering to complete. The buildings which aligned the street had to reflect this sense of grandeur and confidence as the visual appearance of the street was of the utmost importance.

Union Street was developed after 1794, when a town council meeting asked the engineer Charles Abercrombie to find a way to connect the original steep, haphazard network of Medieval streets of Aberdeen to the surrounding countryside. His plan was for two streets, one of which would run from Castlegate to the Denburn and the other which would run from the Castlegate to the North of the town. The former became Union Street. This was a particularly difficult project to complete as the street had to cut through St Katherine's Hill at the East end and be built on a series of arches culminating with a large bridge at the Denburn. The street was to be lined with classical buildings, but the initial idea of having a long, uniform classical design that each new house would have to conform to was abandoned, as it was realised that different purchasers would require some control over the design Some variety was therefore conceded. This variety had, however, to conform to the 'uniformity and regularity of the street' and that between each crossroads, the houses had to be the same height, the same number of storeys (4) and have the same pitch of roof.

Part of B Group with Nos 5-53, 67-89, 95-139, 143-153 (odd nos) Union Street, Nos 26-42, 46-62, 78-106, 114-144 (even nos) Union Street and St Nicholas Churchyard.

Reference from previous list description : Aberdeen Journal Feb 14th 1827.

Category changed from B to C(S), 2007.

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