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Latitude: 55.9506 / 55°57'2"N
Longitude: -3.428 / 3°25'40"W
OS Eastings: 310924
OS Northings: 673980
OS Grid: NT109739
Mapcode National: GBR 1Z.Y3TV
Mapcode Global: WH6SH.9PWL
Entry Name: Newliston House, Bastion and Retaining Walls
Listing Date: 22 February 1971
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 364834
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB27583
Building Class: Cultural
Electoral Ward: Broxburn, Uphall and Winchburgh
Traditional County: West Lothian
1722-1744. French style fortified terrace, rectangular in plan with bastion angles, obliquely dissected by canal to S, erection 40 years prior to present mansion house and with vistas aligned to terminal features (Craigiehall to E, Niddry Castle to NW). Squared stone with large block coping. Sections of terrace currently in poor condition owing to tree roots and antiquity, part repaired. 3 weirs to the canal.
The impressive design has been attributed to Switzer previously but the Inventory points out that there is no evidence for this: they consider that the well-travelled Lord Stair is a more probable author of the French style, Versailles-type design, possibly commissioning final plans from William Adam. A plan of the grounds by Adam exists at Blenheim and was probably the basis for that of 1759 kept at the house. It is alleged that a workforce of 200 carried out the landscaping, including soldiers from the Scots Greys stationed there to serve as Stair's bodyguard. See also listings for the South, East, West and Inner Lodges, Lawn Park Cottage, Milrig Farm and Farmhouse, the Stables, Coach House and Home Farm, the Walled Garden, the Sundial and the Garden House. A copy with Newliston House, Coach House and Stables, Lawn Park Cottage, South Lodge, Dovecot, Walled Garden and Sundial.
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