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96 Hepburn Gardens, Wayside and Easterwayside Including Boundary Walls and Gatepiers

A Category B Listed Building in St Andrews, Fife

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.3346 / 56°20'4"N

Longitude: -2.8142 / 2°48'50"W

OS Eastings: 349759

OS Northings: 716098

OS Grid: NO497160

Mapcode National: GBR 2Q.4XBV

Mapcode Global: WH7S5.R13N

Entry Name: 96 Hepburn Gardens, Wayside and Easterwayside Including Boundary Walls and Gatepiers

Listing Date: 23 February 1971

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 387014

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB40926

Building Class: Cultural

Location: St Andrews

County: Fife

Town: St Andrews

Electoral Ward: St Andrews

Traditional County: Fife

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Description

Sir Robert Lorimer, dated 1902. Large asymmetrical 2-storey and attic Arts & Crafts villa with distinctive gabled, piended and cat-slide roofscape. Now divided into 2 properties. Squared and coursed sandstone rubble with ashlar margins to main entrance. Timber mullions. Hung slate detailing. Casement windows. Overhanging eaves.

NW ENTRANCE (HEPBURN GARDENS) ELEVATION: near central recessed bay with tripartite stained glass window and timber door in re-entrant angle. To left 2-storey and attic tall pair of gabled bays. To far left flat-roofed bay now adjoined to square plan garage with pyramid at roof. To right projecting piended bay with tall window to first floor. To far right slightly recessed bay with central tripartite window at ground floor and cusped 2-light dormer to attic.

SE (GARDEN) ELEVATION: 2-storey and attic gable of bay off-centre to right. To far right recessed section with central wallhead stack flanked by tripartite windows at first floor. To left low cat-slide roof with cusped dormer and tripartite window to ground. To far left recessed bay with double-height multi-pane hall window with curved glass. To extreme left further recessed section with wallhead stack. Advanced bay windows to 1st and 2nd storey of W elevation with piended roof.

Predominantly multi-pane timber casement windows with timber mullions. Graded mixed grey slates from Easdale, Graiglea and Ballachulish quarries. Tall wallhead stacks. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

BOUNDARY WALLS AND GATEPIERS: to NW (Hepburn Gardens) tall squared sandstone rubble section of wall with semicircular coping. To right pedestrian entrance with tall narrow square plan ashlar gatepiers with cast-iron gate. To left vehicle entrance with recessed gatepiers.

Statement of Interest

Wayside, situated in the heart of the Edwardian suburban expansion of St Andrews, is a substantial Arts & Crafts villa by the renowned architect Sir Robert Lorimer. It has a particularly distinctive roofscape with use of gabled, piended and cat-slide roofs as well as notable cusped dormers. There is a variety of glazing patterns such as the large curved glass hall and multi-pane bipartite and tripartite casement windows. The area is characterised by large villas of which Wayside is a particularly interesting example.

As with many of the Edwardian villas the street elevation (Hepburn Gardens) differs from the garden elevation (overlooking the Lade Braes). Julie Flower (Two Houses in Fife, p43) suggests that at Wayside the more simple design of the street elevation represents the 'public face of society' while the elaborate garden elevation is private and can be more expressive. Privacy is emphasised by the high boundary wall to Hepburn Gardens. In common with Arts and Crafts houses importance at Wayside was placed on the living-hall: a large area that functioned both as a room and hall and utilised light from the distinctive curved double-height hall window. It is known that Lorimer designed all fireplaces, doors, fixed woodwork and plasterwork.

Sir Robert Lorimer is a celebrated exponent of the Arts and Crafts movement. He was particularly was influenced by traditional Scottish architecture and craftsmanship. Lorimer spent time in London, in the studio of Arts & Crafts architect G. F. Bodley, gaining an understanding of the English vernacular. Edwin Lutyens has been suggested as influencing Lorimer and Wayside has similarities with Munstead Wood designed by Lutyens between 1893-7. Lorimer's more famous work includes houses at Colinton in Edinburgh and the 'Scottish National War Memorial' at Edinburgh Castle.

Wayside was built for Mr C. E. Todd at a cost of £3,000. Interior was altered when the building was sub-divided in the 1980's (see Julie Flower Two Houses in Fife, p 75-91).

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