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104 and 106 Hepburn Gardens, Abbot's Inch and Fulwood House (Formerly Priory Acres), Including Boundary Walls and Gatepiers

A Category B Listed Building in St Andrews, Fife

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Latitude: 56.333 / 56°19'58"N

Longitude: -2.8184 / 2°49'6"W

OS Eastings: 349494

OS Northings: 715924

OS Grid: NO494159

Mapcode National: GBR 2Q.4W7K

Mapcode Global: WH7S5.P23W

Entry Name: 104 and 106 Hepburn Gardens, Abbot's Inch and Fulwood House (Formerly Priory Acres), Including Boundary Walls and Gatepiers

Listing Date: 21 February 1991

Category: B

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 387024

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB40936

Building Class: Cultural

Location: St Andrews

County: Fife

Town: St Andrews

Electoral Ward: St Andrews

Traditional County: Fife

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St Andrews


J Donald Mills and Godfrey D B Shepherd, 1907; extended 1913. 2-storey and attic irregular-plan Arts and Crafts style villa. Harled brick, Caithness stone slate roof. 2 round-headed windows at S elevation, gableheaded and flat-roofed dormers rising through eaves to from wallhead, flat-roofed dormers at attic; single, bipartite and tripartite multi-pane timber casement windows, some with single opening. Deep eaves with shouldered gables, terracotta ridge tiles, projecting stacks with terracotta cans.

W ELEVATION: bay at left; door at right re-entrant, open lean-to canopy porch with stone slates supported by plain timber pier, curvilinear iron handrail at right, flat-roofed wallhead dormer at centre. Slightly advanced gable at right; off-centre chimneybreast with window, brick garden wall projecting at right, window at outer left and right, tripartite window at 1st floor in angle of narrowed chimneybreast, window at right.

S ELEVATION: 4-bay main house at left, door with adjoining tripartite window under swept porch supported by ashlar pier at 2nd bay from left, dormer at 1st floor and attic; bay at left has round-headed tripartite window at ground floor, gableheaded wallhead dormer; advanced gable at right with tripartites at ground and 1st floor which also has windows at left and right returns; recessed bay at far right with round-headed tripartite at ground floor, flat roofed wallhead dormer, window at right return gable. 3-bay recessed service wing at right; later projections at ground floor in compatible style, off-centre gableheaded wallhead dormer with 2 windows, flat roofed wallhead dormer at left.

E GABLE: chimneybreast at right, windows at ground and 1st floor.

N ELEVATION: main house at right; multi-pane stair window breaking through eaves at centre right, window at ground and 1st floor left,

2 dormers at attic; projecting wing at right; window at ground floor right, central chimneybreast corbelled at 1st floor, 2 windows at left return elevation; projecting wing at left (1913) in similar style, window at gable, window and projecting multi-pane window at right return elevation, 2 flat-roofed wallhead dormers. Service wing at left; later garage at right masking segmnental-arched entrance and window, stair tower at centre re-entrant with window and conical roof, flat-roofed wallhead dormer at right, dormer at left, swept roof at far left.

INTERIOR: central living room/hall with staircase and panelling; some original chimneypieces and Arts and Crafts style window furniture; some coombed ceilings.

GATEPIERS AND BOUNDARY WALLS: N (Hepburn Gardens): to right, low harl section of wall curving inwards to form integrated pyramidal-capped gatepiers. To left, high coped section of brick wall with gatepiers to E.

Statement of Interest

104 & 106 Hepburn Gardens (Abbot's Inch and Fulwood House) is a fine example of Arts and Crafts architecture. Situated along the western section of Hepburn Gardens the building is a product of the Edwardian surburban growth of St Andrews. This is charecterised by large villa construction predominantly in Arts and Crafts tradition including the provision of extensive gardens stretching to the Lade Braes. Mills & Shepherd were to become one of the most active architectural practices working in the area. In 104 and 106 Hepburn Gardens the combination of different materials of harled brick and quality Caithness stone slates combined with deep eaves with shouldered gables and timber casement windows gives the building its distinctive appearance. Originally Priory Acres the building has subsequently been subdivided. The building retains the majority of its original plot size.

The house was built for Alistair Valentine of the Dundee publishing family. The central hall is typical of large Arts and Crafts style houses and is to be seen at Lorimer's Wayside (at 96 Hepburn Gardens, see separate listing) nearby. According to Nicoll, the external woodwork was originally painted a rich tawny brown.

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