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Latitude: 55.8652 / 55°51'54"N
Longitude: -2.0916 / 2°5'29"W
OS Eastings: 394365
OS Northings: 663561
OS Grid: NT943635
Mapcode National: GBR F0TM.ZB
Mapcode Global: WH9XX.VV51
Entry Name: Netherbyres House, Walled Garden
Listing Date: 28 September 1999
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 393780
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB46462
Building Class: Cultural
County: Scottish Borders
Electoral Ward: East Berwickshire
Traditional County: Berwickshire
Probably devised and laid out by William Crow, circa 1730; completed and improved by Samuel Brown, circa 1834; greenhouses erected circa 1870 (demolished and replaced by private residence late 20th century). Elliptical-plan walled garden (approximately 1.5 acres), set to E of Netherbyres House. Tall, coped walls comprising harl-pointed rubble to outer elevations (ashlar dressings in part); red brick inner linings. Boarded timber doors throughout; some long and short surrounds to openings; some red brick relieving arches. Modern, part-harled, part brick-built single and 2-storey residence to NE, overlooking garden. Central pond and fountain missing; various formal paths in place.
B Group comprises 'Netherbyres House', 'Netherbyres House, The Coach House & Stable Courtyard' and 'Netherbyres House, Walled Garden' - see separate list entries. A fine and extremely rare example of a mathematically laid out elliptical garden, possibly inspired by J Worlidge's ART OF GARDENING (1682), in which a circular garden is described as "...very pleasant...The walls about such a Garden are very good for fruit, the Wind being not so severe against a Round, as against a streight Wall." The ellipse at Netherbyres was probably designed by William Crow - a mathematician with a keen interest in horticulture, who inherited Netherbyres from his father in 1706, and returned from Edinburgh in 1720 to manage his estate. In a letter, dated 1740, to Dr Alstone (then Professor of Botany at Edinburgh University), Crow described his garden and in particular, his peaches, of which he had "... a wall 300ft long." This peach wall is thought to have formed part of his elliptical layout. It should be noted however, that although the ellipse is shown clearly on Blackadder's 1818 plan (GD416/3/38), upon purchasing Netherbyres in 1833, Samuel Brown thought it necessary to plan a new garden to the SW of the house. Later, he thought "...the best place for the garden would be the oblong park east of the oval" (SRO) - the implication being that Brown then considered Crow's ellipse to be more of a walled enclosure than a formal garden. What remains today therefore, is a combination of mid 18th and 19th century work, with Brown building up and improving Crow's walls (which by then may well have fallen into disrepair) and subsequently introducing a formal layout, with a perimeter walk and equally-spaced paths converging in the centre at a pond (subsequently a fountain and since removed). The OS map shows all was in place by 1858.
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