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Latitude: 58.7518 / 58°45'6"N
Longitude: -2.9635 / 2°57'48"W
OS Eastings: 344347
OS Northings: 985309
OS Grid: ND443853
Mapcode National: GBR M51L.P5V
Mapcode Global: WH7D9.G913
Entry Name: South Ronaldsay, the Old School House, Kiln Barn
Listing Date: 20 October 2000
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 394738
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB47379
Building Class: Cultural
Location: South Ronaldsay
County: Orkney Islands
Electoral Ward: East Mainland, South Ronaldsay and Burray
Parish: South Ronaldsay
Traditional County: Orkney
19th century. Central single storey threshing barn flanked by rectangular kiln and byre. Coursed rubble flagstone.
S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: central threshing door; small window to left. Chamfered corner to left of barn. Later byre addition to outer left; central byre door; window to left (altered openings). Kiln set back to far right.
E ELEVATION: central kiln extends from threshing barn gable.
N ELEVATION: kiln set back to far left. Blocked central threshing door.
W ELEVATION: not seen, 2000.
Pitched roofs throughout; replacement corrugated roofing material to threshing barn; flagstone roof to kiln and byre.
INTERIOR: plastered, circular kiln interior with kiln ledge. Flue and door openings remain; step leads up to kiln door.
The kiln is an important survival from early Orkney farming practices. Kilns were used to dry corn before grinding and also for drying malt for making ale. The kiln ledge remains, the large beam (killace) would sit upon the kiln ledge, with smaller slatted timbers resting upon it. Straw covered the timbers and the grain was laid upon this. A peat fire would be lit in the fire-hole and the kiln entrance would be covered to draw the heat from the vent into the kiln. If the flames should rise up into the kiln, the killace could be pulled across so that the drying floor would immediately collapse and smother the fire.
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