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Latitude: 55.7172 / 55°43'1"N
Longitude: -2.7422 / 2°44'31"W
OS Eastings: 353469
OS Northings: 647333
OS Grid: NT534473
Mapcode National: GBR 929B.3D
Mapcode Global: WH7W3.VKCH
Entry Name: 40 East High Street Including Rear Wing and Courtyard
Listing Date: 5 March 2001
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 394996
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB47663
Building Class: Cultural
County: Scottish Borders
Electoral Ward: Leaderdale and Melrose
Traditional County: Berwickshire
Mid 19th century with late 19th century addition. Single storey and attic double-fronted rectangular-plan grieve's cottage with single storey wing comprising former bothies (into which it extends) and walled yard bounded by short later wing at right angles to bothy wing, to rear/SW. Crow-stepped gables to grieve's cottage. Principal (NE) elevation of grieve's cottage of coursed stugged whinstone; later wing and principal (NW) elevation of bothy wing of coursed whinstone rubble; whinstone rubble elsewhere; red sandstone ashlar dressings (droved apart from those to later addition). Quoins to arrises of grieve's house and later wing; lugged architraved openings with rectangular panel at head to openings throughout; projecting cills to windows.
NE (HIGH STREET) ELEVATION: symmetrical arrangement to grieve's house. 1 and a half-storey entrance porch with crow-stepped gables to centre; boarded timber door with 4-pane rectangular fanlight; narrow dormer window above. Flanking windows to ground floor.
NW ELEVATION: gable end of grieve's house projects forward to left; narrow window to right of ground floor; narrow attic window to gable. 10-bay principal elevation of bothy wing set back to right; entrance with boarded timber door and 2-pane overlight to 2nd bay; flanking windows; that to left inserted; all now part of grieve's house. Entrances with boarded timber doors to 5th, 7th and 9th bays; each with window to left. Entrance with boarded timber door to outer right bay.
SE ELEVATION: gable end of grieve's house with narrow attic window projects forward to right; yard wall with rounded concrete coping connects it to gable end of later addition to left; entrance with window to left to right return; window to left return. Rear of bothy wing has single window set back in between gable ends and entrance with 2 windows to right (that to left has louvred vents) set back to outer left.
SW ELEVATION: gable end of bothy wing adjoins barn of contemporary and slightly later date.
Mainly multi-pane timber casement windows. Grey slate roofs. Flanking coped gablehead stacks to either side of grieve's house; that to N surmounted by tall later brick stack; 2 coped red sandstone ridge stacks and later tall yellow brick wallhead stack to outer left bay of SE elevation to bothy wing; ridge stack to later addition; round cans where in existence.
INTERIORS: bothy wing has been adapted for farm use. Grieve's house not inspected internally.
Finely detailed grieve's house and adjoining bothies; the grieve's house is in a particularly commanding position at the entrance to Wyndhead Farm. 2 ranges of farm buildings are shown in the 1832 Report on Parliamentary Boundaries. By the time of the 1859 First Edition Ordnance Survey map these had been expanded to include the grieve's house and bothies, a farmhouse (see separate list description for 38 East High Street), a couple of additional ranges of farm buildings (see separate list description for Wyndhead Farm) and a horse engine. The farm was substantially expanded in the early 20th century.
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