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Grassmarket, Covenanters' Memorial, with Boundary Wall, Railings and Gate

A Category C Listed Building in Edinburgh, Edinburgh

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.9478 / 55°56'52"N

Longitude: -3.1946 / 3°11'40"W

OS Eastings: 325491

OS Northings: 673400

OS Grid: NT254734

Mapcode National: GBR 8NH.DC

Mapcode Global: WH6SL.WRXP

Entry Name: Grassmarket, Covenanters' Memorial, with Boundary Wall, Railings and Gate

Listing Date: 29 March 2001

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 395256

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB47867

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Edinburgh

County: Edinburgh

Electoral Ward: City Centre

Traditional County: Midlothian

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Description

1937 and 1953-4. Roughly-hewn raised cylinder with inset granite circle and Saltire cross, surrounded by bronze circular inscription, 1937. Squared and snecked hammered sandstone coped boundary wall with coped piers; cast-iron railings and gates with Saltire crosses and thistles. (City Engineer, 1953-4).

Statement of Interest

The long rectangle of Grassmarket was already a suburb and a secondary market place by 1500. After the Battle of Flodden in 1513 the city walls were strengthened and the Grassmarket and Cowgate enclosed by the Flodden Wall. Agricultural produce was sold in the Grassmarket until well into the 20th century; old photographs show upended carts and the bars and hostels associated with the market. It was also a place of public execution. The Memorial marks the place where many of the 'Martyrs' of the Covenanting cause were executed during the Wars of Religion (1661-68). The Memorial was first opened 25th April 1937, and re-opened by the Duke of Hamilton on 24th October 1954.

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