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Latitude: 55.9403 / 55°56'25"N
Longitude: -3.1743 / 3°10'27"W
OS Eastings: 326745
OS Northings: 672537
OS Grid: NT267725
Mapcode National: GBR 8SL.H2
Mapcode Global: WH6SM.6YPH
Plus Code: 9C7RWRRG+47
Entry Name: 15, 15b and 15c Dalkeith Road, Scottish Widows Fund and Life Assurance Society Head Office, Including Landscaping, Moat and Boundary Walls
Listing Date: 3 March 2006
Source: Historic Scotland
Source ID: 398167
Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB50213
Building Class: Cultural
Electoral Ward: Southside/Newington
Traditional County: Midlothian
Double-skinned glazing, with brown solar glass to exterior and venetian blinds in the cavity (no longer operational). Mullions of manganese bronze, base courses of riven York stone, and pilotis of exposed concrete. Shallow pitched roofs covered in zinc.
INTERIOR: primarily open-plan office accommodation arranged around 2 hexagonal service cores containing lifts, stairs, lavatories and individual offices. In sub-basement plant, goods yard and double-height split-level staff restaurant, with building opening dedication incised within stone faced walling and feature ceiling of hexagonal prisms (obscurred by lowered ceiling). Basement accommodates car parking, storage, coffee lounge and kitchens. Front service core contains entrance hall and has revolving door of glass and steel. Separate stair with mirrored enclosure fomerly accessed first floor panelled board rom (relocated to third floor in 2014). Floors of entrance hall and lift halls are paved in stone and walls of staircase clad in riven York stone. Balustrades and handrails are of steel.
LANDSCAPING: extensive planting of trees, shrubs and lawns to N and S featuring decorative rocks and boulders. Sunken gardens and ascending terraces to E concealing car park building with rocks and plants.
MOAT: surrounding building to S and W. Lined with large pebbles, a feature repeated in the interior.
BOUNDARY WALL: battered, riven York stone boundary wall to W (Holyrood Park Roard) and S (Dalkeith Road) with triangular coping. N boundary contained by metal fence.
A major achievement of international status for Sir Basil Spence, Glover and Ferguson, its importance acknowledged in the professional press and recognised in 1977 when the building received the RIBA Award for Scotland. This building is an expressionistic response to Salisbury Crags married to a Functionalist programme. Geological analogies in the allusions to geometric structure of crystals inform plan, structural grid and massing. Height restrictions and consideration of views both to and from the hills and cliffs of the Royal Park necessitated a thoughtful treatment. Thus a careful use of high quality materials, concealed car park, and extensive planting and landscaping, for which the practice brought in Dame Sylvia Crowe, the leading landscape architect of the period. The office space was described as landscaped , with plants and stones chosen to complement those of the gardens. The depth of the floors demanded maximum fenestration, and solar glass was required to protect the inhabitants from heat and glare.
The building stands partly in a pool, on the W and S sides, designed to reflect the elevations. This device was used in some of Spence s keynote buildings, most notably at the University of Sussex and the British Embassy in Rome. The reception area and stairs are also enlivened by a play on the reflective qualities of water and mirrored surfaces.
The interiors have undergone a few changes, mainly to the individual office spaces. Most of the ceilings have been replaced and the floors of the main spaces raised to accommodate cabling. The open-plan offices originally relied upon screens and filing cabinets finished in light oak, with furniture to match for flexible division of work-space. Most of these have now been replaced, including the curved desk formerly in the reception area.
The building is nevertheless almost completely intact. In the service cores, wall finishings, flooring and doors are mostly original (June 2004).
Listed building record updated in 2019 to reflect some minor later changes to the interior.
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