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Lochearnhead, Craggan, Druidfield Croft

A Category C Listed Building in Balquhidder, Stirling

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.379 / 56°22'44"N

Longitude: -4.2902 / 4°17'24"W

OS Eastings: 258675

OS Northings: 723104

OS Grid: NN586231

Mapcode National: GBR 0Y.224Q

Mapcode Global: WH3LK.2XBM

Entry Name: Lochearnhead, Craggan, Druidfield Croft

Listing Date: 4 May 2006

Category: C

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 398326

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB50343

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Balquhidder

County: Stirling

Electoral Ward: Trossachs and Teith

Parish: Balquhidder

Traditional County: Perthshire

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Lochearnhead

Description

Loch Lomond And Trossachs National Park Planning Authority

Probably early 19th century, with later 19th and/or early 20th century additions and alterations (see Notes). Single storey, 3-bay croft cottage with red corrugated-iron roof, single dormer window to attic and later byre range adjoining to NE gable. This is a traditional croft cottage and retains a number of original features including straw thatch under the iron roof, interior timber panelling and fireplaces, and partitions in the cow byre. Although several older croft cottages survive in the parish they are either derelict and ruinous, or have been heavily modernised. Druidfield has local significance as the most complete example of a traditional croft cottage in Balquhidder parish.

Interior: traditional tongue-and-groove timber panelling to principal rooms; plain stone chimney pieces with bracketed timber mantelshelves.

Materials: white-washed random rubble with some brick alterations; 2-leaf, half-glazed timber-boarded front door; timber-boarded doors to byre; 8-pane lying pane glazing in replacement timber sash and case windows. Painted corrugated-iron roof with straw thatch underneath. Coped stacks with short clay cans.

Statement of Interest

Like most cottages of its type, Druidfield has undergone several stages of development. It is particularly interesting because the alterations that were made in the 2nd half of the 20th century have not been so extensive as to obscure the earlier alterations, making the development of the house easy to read and leaving an interesting reflection of social history of the area. Craggan was on the Edinchip estate, which underwent a large amount of improvement during the first 3 decades of the 19th century following its purchase from the Duke of Atholl by Sir John Murray MacGregor in 1801. Druidfield was almost certainly built as part of these improvements, probably in the late 1820s or 1830s (one building is marked at Craggan on John Thompson's map of 1827, but it is impossible to tell whether it is Druidfield). The 1st edition OS map shows that the cottage was considerably smaller than it is now, with only a small 1-bay byre to the side. The 2nd edition OS map shows it as it now stands, so the byre was probably extended at the end of the 19th century. It is likely that the roof timbers were replaced at about the same time, as they do not appear to be particularly old. The cottage was originally thatched, and remnants of this thatch still remain under the corrugated iron roof. The iron roof was probably put on soon after the Lochearnhead, St Fillans and Comrie railway was built in about 1902. The track for this lies immediately behind the croft, and sparks from the steam engines posed a serious fire risk to a thatched roof.

The section of byre closest to the house contains an early 19th century brick fireplace. The railway brought a considerable number of tourists to the Trossachs and summer accommodation was in great demand. The locals took advantage of the opportunity to supplement their income by letting out their cottages for the summer. They would then move into 'back houses' located in a byre, and this room is an example of such temporary summer accommodation. Although space would have been very cramped, they would probably have spent most of the daylight hours working outside and this room would only be needed for sleeping and cooking in (information from local resident).

Later 20th century alterations include a flat-roofed kitchen extension to the SW gable, and the summer house that has been added on to the NE end of the byre.

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