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Balmoral Castle, Dairy and 1 and 2 Dairy Cottages

A Category A Listed Building in Aboyne, Upper Deeside and Donside, Aberdeenshire

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Latitude: 57.0358 / 57°2'8"N

Longitude: -3.2201 / 3°13'12"W

OS Eastings: 326050

OS Northings: 794520

OS Grid: NO260945

Mapcode National: GBR W7.BMMQ

Mapcode Global: WH6MC.HFT3

Entry Name: Balmoral Castle, Dairy and 1 and 2 Dairy Cottages

Listing Date: 12 March 2010

Category: A

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 400400

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB51468

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Crathie and Braemar

County: Aberdeenshire

Electoral Ward: Aboyne, Upper Deeside and Donside

Parish: Crathie And Braemar

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire

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William Smith, plan after John Thomas and Beaton, 1862-3, additions 1864. Octagonal, 2-storey dairy linked to single storey and attic U-plan cottages with Tudor details. Stugged coursed granite with polished dressings to cottages, former dairy ashlar; base course; cottage wallhead slightly jettied on corbel course.

Dairy: octagonal, 2-storey core surrounded by substantial, ashlar arcade with Tudor-arched openings, cornice and crenellated parapet; pointed arch windows to taller ground floor milk house with fixed gauze screens, decorative cast-iron grilles below, tiling and benches remain, small windows to tea room above, timber corbels to eaves of octagonal roof crowned with large, octagonal, louvred timber ventilator, billeted cornice and lead ogee roof with decorative finial. Covered link to cottages to SW with Tudor-arched opening to either side and slate roof.

1-2 Dairy Cottages: 2, 3-bay, gabled cottages facing NW and SE each with gabled entrance bays at centre, pointed-arch opening, blind arrowslit in gablehead and fleur-de-lys finial, flanked by windows and forming 3 dwellings. Raised, battered chimneybreasts to centres of return gables, with blind windows, arrowslits or narrow windows flanking at ground and small attic windows flanking above. Small service court open to SW, lean-to to rear of cottages and side elevations lined with stone lean-tos extending beyond cottages to SW with coped screen walls.

4-pane sash and case windows. Graded grey slates; lead flashing. Crowstepped gables with bracketed skewputts. Coped gablehead and ridge stacks. 2 slate-hung box dormer additions to NW cottage, No 1, and modern dormer to court elevation of SE cottage, No 2.

Statement of Interest

A Group with No 4 Dairy Cottages and Offices.

The Royal Encyclopedia reveals that plans were drawn up for the dairy at Balmoral from 1861, following the lines of that at Windsor built in 1858 to designs by John Thomas, with supervision by Prince Albert. Smith noted that the Queen suggested incorporating an additional wing to make the building more symmetrical. The small 1864 addition was required to house the calves. No 4 Dairy Cottages and offices are listed separately, but form a group.

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