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Montrose Airfield, Building 46

A Category A Listed Building in Montrose and District, Angus

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.7255 / 56°43'31"N

Longitude: -2.4627 / 2°27'45"W

OS Eastings: 371781

OS Northings: 759411

OS Grid: NO717594

Mapcode National: GBR X6.86NK

Mapcode Global: WH8RK.46JZ

Plus Code: 9C8VPGGP+6W

Entry Name: Montrose Airfield, Building 46

Listing Name: Montrose (Broomfield) Air Station, Buildings 46, 47 and 48, excluding timber extension to south, Montrose

Listing Date: 15 June 1988

Last Amended: 10 October 2018

Category: A

Source: Historic Scotland

Source ID: 406978

Historic Scotland Designation Reference: LB38228

Building Class: Cultural

Location: Montrose

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Montrose and District

Parish: Dunbar, Spott

Traditional County: Angus

Description

The monument comprises an Early Bronze Age pit alignment and two Iron Age settlements, one enclosed and the other unenclosed. The remains lie buried below the topsoil, but are visible as cropmarks captured on oblique aerial photographs. Excavations conducted immediately adjacent to the scheduled area show that the pit alignment was dug around 2400 BC to accommodate a line of substantial oak posts. The eastern part of the alignment extends at least 60m ESE of a road that crosses the scheduled area. The western part extends WNW of the road for at least 30m. One Iron Age settlement lies within a sub-circular enclosure bounded by up to three concentric ditches that define an area measuring about 40m in diameter. The outer ditch has been partly excavated on the W side, demonstrating that it was dug before about 390-200 BC and had an entrance on this side. Later on, the W ditch was filled in and structures were built over the top. Two ring ditches lie 120m W of the enclosure, indicating the presence of two roundhouses in an unenclosed settlement. The roundhouse to the E measures about 15m in diameter, while that to the W is about 11m in diameter. The monument lies on the East Lothian coastal plain on fairly level ground at around 20m OD, immediately N of the A1 trunk road. The site has open views in all directions except to the E, where the ground rises slightly. The monument was first scheduled in 1993, but the documentation did not meet modern standards: the present amendment rectifies this.

The two scheduled areas are irregular on plan to include the remains described above and areas around them within which evidence relating to their construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map. The scheduling excludes the above-ground elements of the post-and-wire and wooden fences that cross the scheduled area. The W scheduled area extends up to, but excludes, a post-and-wire fence on its E boundary and a stone wall on its W boundary. The E scheduled area extends up to but excludes post-and-wire fences on its W and S boundaries and a stone wall on its N boundary.

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