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Walled Garden to W of Troy House

A Grade II* Listed Building in Mitchel Troy, Monmouthshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7987 / 51°47'55"N

Longitude: -2.7147 / 2°42'53"W

OS Eastings: 350808

OS Northings: 211354

OS Grid: SO508113

Mapcode National: GBR FL.XTFG

Mapcode Global: VH870.W1PZ

Entry Name: Walled Garden to W of Troy House

Listing Date: 29 March 1993

Last Amended: 27 September 2001

Grade: II*

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2886

Building Class: Domestic

Location: On sloping ground about 50m W of Troy House on the S bank of the River Trothy, on the W side of a farm track running S from a bend in the road about 1.5km S of Monmouth.

County: Monmouthshire

Town: Monmouth

Community: Mitchel Troy (Llanfihangel Troddi)

Community: Mitchel Troy

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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Mitchel Troy

History

Early C17 walled garden, predating the present Troy House which was built c1660-70. The main entrance is recorded as having been inscribed with the date 1611; the surviving initials ECS refer to Elizabeth and Charles Somerset, the latter was the son of Henry, 1st Marquis of Worcester (of Raglan Castle), and 1611 was the date of their marriage. This garden is also noted for having caught the interest of Charles I who, when staying at Raglan Castle in 1645, was presented with a gift of its exotic fruits - he remarked that "he had heard the corn now grew where Troy town stood, but never before apricots!". It is now largely pasture, retaining only a few fruit trees; the W end is now a nun's graveyard and on the S side modern houses have been built

Exterior

Large rectangular garden bordered by high stone walls constructed of local sandstone rubble with dressed stone quoins.
The principal feature is the main entrance reached up steps at the middle of the E side. This is a fine and ambitious example of early C17 Classical design, some elements of which recall the work of the Smythsons, in particular the style of John Smythson - see his slightly later work at Bolsover. It is composed of an ashlar, rusticated doorway with fluted jambs and ogee stops; above the cornice is an initialled shield in a strapwork and ornamented surround; boarded and studded door opening onto a stone barrel vaulted lobby. The side facing into the garden has a semicircular archway which has greater emphasis to the rustication and distinctive ovals to the imposts and keystone. The roof of this entrance has been replaced with asbestos tiles. Other notable features to the garden are two recesses that are probably bee-boles; both have Tudor hoodmoulds and central shelves, one to E side beside the main entrance and the other on N side. Otherwise the N side is approximately 4m high at its E end and has flat coping and is slightly battered. The W side is lower and has blocked central entrance. S side is altered by erection of modern houses which towards its E end creates a break in the wall. The wall is complete to E side (approximately 3.5m high) with two buttresses to N end. A small enclosure to W end is used as a nun's graveyard and in the centre of the garden are the remains of a red brick building. A conservatory formerly existed to SE corner. The C17 layout is thought to be preserved beneath the turf.

Group value with Troy House.

Reasons for Listing

Graded II* as an exceptional example of a well documented early C17 walled garden with some especially fine detail and notable historical associations.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Gateway and gates to Troy House
    About 50m NW of Troy House, on the E side of the farm track leading to Troy House Farm.
  • II Barn at Troy House Farm
    About 50m S of Troy House, beside a farm track off the S side of a bend in the road about 1.5km S of Monmouth.
  • II* Troy House
    On the S bank of the River Trothy, off the S side of a bend in the road about 1.5km S of Monmouth.
  • II Troy Cottage
    About 1000m south of Monmouth centre at the entry to the lane leading to Troy House.
  • II Trothy Bridge
    About 1000m south of Monmouth centre on the community boundary.
  • II Tollgate House
    Midway between Monmouth and Mitchel Troy, on border with Monmouth Community. Prominently sited at the Y-junction of B4293 and the by-road to Mitchel Troy.
  • II Railway Bridge
    About 750m south of Monmouth centre and accessed by footpath.
  • II The Cell
    On the corner of Wyesham Avenue and Redbrook Road (A466)

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