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Incline Drunhouse at Middle Bank

A Grade II Listed Building in Penmaenmawr, Conwy

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2647 / 53°15'52"N

Longitude: -3.943 / 3°56'34"W

OS Eastings: 270503

OS Northings: 375945

OS Grid: SH705759

Mapcode National: GBR 0ZXP.4F

Mapcode Global: WH544.D6ML

Entry Name: Incline Drunhouse at Middle Bank

Listing Date: 3 November 1995

Last Amended: 3 November 1995

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 16521

Building Class: Industrial

Location: Located high up above Penmaenmawr overlooking the sea and the town below; on the middle bank of the quarry, now disused.

County: Conwy

Community: Penmaenmawr

Community: Penmaenmawr

Locality: Penmaenmawr Quarry

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

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Penmaen-mawr

History

Quarry at Penmaenmawr began on a formalised basis in the 1830s when the Graigclwyd quarry was found by Messrs Brassey and Tomkinson, though unofficial workings were established long before this date. The local granite, technically a quartz enstatite diabase, became prized for its quality and throughout the C19 and earlier C20 was used for the production of sett paving which was done on site. The quarried stone was also in demand for roadstone and railway ballast, for which it continues to be used at present. Goverment-issued mineral statistics for the year 1858 show that the two quarries then in operation, Penmean and Graigclwyd, wer producing a combined total of 134,080 tons of setts and granite. The quarring industry at Penmaenmawr attracted a sizling labour force and led directly to the establishment of the town in the second half of the C19, many of the worker's terraces of which were built by successive quarry owners like C.H Darbishire in the last decades if the century.

Exterior

Late C19 counterbalance incline drumhouse; snecked rubble construction with mid-C20 concrete slab roof. The oak drum and steel cables remain in situ between two thick gable walls and the brake mechanism survives externally, though lacking its lever. Apparently one of the incline drumhouses shown on the 1888 OS map.

Reasons for Listing

Listed as an exceptionally scarce survival of an intact counterbalance incline drumhouse.

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II Sett Makers Huts at New Bank
    Located on a slope above Penmaenmawr overlooking the sea and the quarry works below; on the New Bank of the former Graigclwyd quarry, now disused.
  • II Incline Drumhouse at New Bank
    Located on a slope above Penmaenmawr overlooking the sea and the quarry works below; on the New Bank of the former Graigclwyd quarry, now disused.
  • II Brynmor Cottage
    Located in the centre of the town at right-angles with the street, and facing E behind a rubble garden wall.
  • II Brynmor
    Located in the centre of the town at right-angles with the street, and facing E behind a rubble garden wall.
  • II Graiglwyd Farmhouse
    Located approximately 1.5km S of Penmaenmawr, overlooking the town on a hillside site within its own walled orchard; accessed from the lance via a short farm track.
  • II Primary Barn at Graiglwyd Farmhouse
    Located approximately 1.5km S of Penmaenmawr, overlooking the town on a hillside site immediately to the E of the farmhouse; accessed from the lane via a short farm track and oriented N-S, its S gable
  • II Penmaenmawr Railway Station
    Located at the N edge of the town at the bottom of Paradise Road.
  • II Gladstone Monument
    Located on an island at the cross-roads with Paradise Road, immediately N of the main street, Pant-yr-Afon.

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