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Church of St Cenhedlon (aka Rockfield Church)

A Grade II Listed Building in Llangattock-Vibon-Avel, Monmouthshire

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Latitude: 51.83 / 51°49'47"N

Longitude: -2.7535 / 2°45'12"W

OS Eastings: 348170

OS Northings: 214862

OS Grid: SO481148

Mapcode National: GBR FJ.VX75

Mapcode Global: VH86T.785H

Plus Code: 9C3VR6HW+XH

Entry Name: Church of St Cenhedlon (aka Rockfield Church)

Listing Date: 27 November 1953

Last Amended: 19 March 2001

Grade: II

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 17423

Building Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Location: Near the centre of Rockfield village, in a wooded hollow where the road skirts the edge of a westward meander of the River Monnow.

County: Monmouthshire

Town: Monmouth

Community: Llangattock-Vibon-Avel (Llangatwg Feibion Afel)

Community: Llangattock-Vibon-Avel

Locality: Rockfield

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

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On the site of a medieval church of which only the tower survives, the rest, long in disrepair, extensively rebuilt in 1858-60 to designs of J.P.Seddon; though there appear to be traces of medieval masonry in the S wall of the chancel.


A small church with a C14 W tower, and nave, N aisle and chancel rebuilt in an effective Decorated style in 1858 by the diocesan architects Pritchard and Seddon, who restored the tower at the same time. This, like those at Skenfrith and St Maughans, is of a type characteristic of the Welsh borders, built of sandstone rubble, square on plan and sheer-walled, with a low 2-stage timber-framed "dovecote" belfry, the lower stage close-studded and the upper with 2 tiers of small square louvred openings and a pyramidal roof. It has small loop-light in each side and a Victorian 3-light traceried W window. The rest is also built of sandstone, the S side of the nave mostly snecked but otherwise random, with yellow freestone dressings and red tiled roofs. The nave, 3 bays in length, has a gabled porch in the centre of the S wall, with a moulded cusped arch, a banded extrados and a gable coping with an apex cross; a 2-light window to the L and a larger 3-light window to the R, both with reticulated tracery. The chancel, slightly lower and of 2 bays, has 2 square-headed windows with reticulated tracery, and a large 3-light E window with flowing tracery. Both nave and chancel have gable coping with an apex cross. On the N side the aisle, roofed as a continuous lean-to of the nave, has three simple 2-light windows with ogee-headed lights, and in the angle with chancel is a lean-to vestry.


The nave has a 3-bay N arcade of cylindrical columns with stiff-leaf capitals carrying chamfered and moulded 2-centred arches, and an arch-braced collar-truss roof with 2 tiers of wind-braced purlins. The chancel has a wide depressed 2-centred arch containing a very delicate wrought-iron screen (given by the Rev. John Taylor, vicar in 1875), a 3-bay roof with arch-braced collar trusses, a panelled reredos to the altar and an organ in an arch on the N side. At the E end of the N aisle are the Royal Arms of William III (discovered in use as a noticeboard at Rockfield School and restored to this position in 1976). On the S wall of the nave, to the E of the doorway, is a wall monument to John Allan Rolls, 1837-1912, 1st Baron Llangattock.

Reasons for Listing

First listed for its medieval tower and now included also for the quality of the 1858 rebuild, an expressively planned and well detailed essay in Gothic Revival, with a good interior.

Recommended Books

Other nearby listed buildings

  • II* Pentwyn
    To W of B 4347, about 100 metres NW of Rockfield Church.
  • II Rockfield School
    At north end of village; at right angles to the road with playground to front.
  • II* Swiss Cottage
    Reached from B4233 at the S end of Rockfield; approximately 0.5km along the tree-lined former drive to the Hendre. Secluded setting beside brook.
  • II Monmouth Lodge
    Built in the acute angle formed by the junction of the drive with the B4233, approximately 200m SE of the centre of Rockfield village.
  • II Gateway next to Monmouth Lodge
    At the entrance to the drive to Rockfield House, approximately 200m SE of the centre of Rockfield village.
  • II Nos.1-4 (consec) Cottage Homes
    Set back in their own gardens on the SW side of the road, in a detached position approximately 150m S of Rockfield Lodge.
  • II Steps Farmhouse (aka Steppes Farm)
    Set back above the N side of the road, approximately 0.8km W of the centre of Rockfield village.
  • II Former cider-mill to S of Steps Farmhouse
    On the bank above the road immediately the E side of the entrance to Steps Farm, approximately 0.8km W of the centre of Rockfield village.

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