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Latitude: 51.5612 / 51°33'40"N
Longitude: -1.7913 / 1°47'28"W
OS Eastings: 414563
OS Northings: 184719
OS Grid: SU145847
Mapcode National: GBR YPP.RB
Mapcode Global: VHB3L.W1W1
Plus Code: 9C3WH665+FF
Entry Name: 1-4 Exeter Street with Yard Walls
Listing Date: 17 February 1970
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1023497
English Heritage Legacy ID: 318753
ID on this website: 101023497
Location: Swindon, Wiltshire, SN1
Electoral Ward/Division: Central
Parish: Central Swindon South
Built-Up Area: Swindon
Traditional County: Wiltshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire
Church of England Parish: Swindon New Town
Church of England Diocese: Bristol
Tagged with: Building
This list entry was subject to a Minor Enhancement on 28/04/2020
SU 1484 NE
EXETER STREET (south side)
Nos. 1 - 4 consecutive with yard walls
In order to house the workforce for the new Great Western Railway works, IK Brunel designed a new village to the south of the railway line. Brunel’s early layout drawings of 1840 show a grid similar to the final plan of 12 terraces in six blocks on either side of the High Street (from 1893 Emlyn Square). Construction started in 1842, and by 1855 most of the buildings had been completed. Houses and cottages of different types were built, as well as lodging houses. Brunel himself designed only the first block of 1842 (4-25 Bristol Street); as it was visible from the railway line, this is in a more decorative style than the others.
The financial difficulties of the contractors JD & C Rigby, who undertook to build 300 cottages but only completed 130, delayed the completion of the village until the 1850s. The cottages to the west of Emlyn Square were built first (1842-1843), followed by those on the east side (1845-1847). The end blocks towards Emlyn Square, containing corner shops on the ground floor, were built in 1845-1847, and the remainder, mostly end blocks on the outer ends of the streets, were built in 1853-1855. In 1966, the local authority acquired the cottages from British Rail and restored them. The village is one of Britain’s best-preserved and architecturally most ambitious railway settlements.
Terrace of four cottages. 1853-1854 for Great Western Railway Company. Ashlar limestone in black mortar. Brick rear walls. Slate roofs with ashlar stacks on party walls. Two storey, one bay per cottage, two rooms deep with side through passage. C20 rear outbuilding. Low plinth, chamfered window and door surrounds, doors ending in chamfered stop. Eighteen-pane doors. four-pane sashes to both floors. Brick yard walls with blue hogs-back copings. Nearly identical to Nos. 1-3 Bathampton Street and 28-29 Exeter Street and 25-26 Bathampton Street.(q.v.). Extensively renovated c1974.
Listing NGR: SU1457084720
External links are from the relevant listing authority and, where applicable, Wikidata. Wikidata IDs may be related buildings as well as this specific building. If you want to add or update a link, you will need to do so by editing the Wikidata entry.
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