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Butley Abbey and Priory Gate House

A Grade I Listed Building in Butley, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0917 / 52°5'30"N

Longitude: 1.4653 / 1°27'54"E

OS Eastings: 637474

OS Northings: 249368

OS Grid: TM374493

Mapcode National: GBR XRP.Z45

Mapcode Global: VHM87.BPZD

Plus Code: 9F433FR8+M4

Entry Name: Butley Abbey and Priory Gate House

Listing Date: 16 March 1966

Last Amended: 2 May 1984

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1030850

English Heritage Legacy ID: 285145

Location: Butley, East Suffolk, Suffolk, IP12

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Butley

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Butley St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

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Description

TM 34 NE
5/2

BUTLEY
BUTLEY PRIORY
Butley Abbey and Priory Gate House

(Formerly listed as Butley Abbey Gatehouse under General)

16.3.66
GV
I
Mansion, former gatehouse to Butley Abbey. Early C14. Converted to residential use c.1734. Restored again in 1926 by W.D. Caröe. Stone and knapped flint with stone quoins and dressings. Roof raised in red brick to continuous springing: slated. Two storeys.

The main gabled carriageway runs north-south. The north front is flanked by two stages of the original buttressed towers which project forward. The south gabled front projects beyond the rear rooms of the towers. The north front has two sham windows in Decorated tracery either side of a similar glazed window. The sham windows are filled with flushwork. Below the windows is an armorial panel of thirty-five shields in five rows. The north towers each have a sham Decorated window above which is a straight headed window with three ogee headed lights. The original carriageway entrance has a depressed moulded pointed arch on stone ashlar jambs. To the left is a pedestrian entrance with pointed arch: both entrances are filled with timber studs, mullion windows and red herringbone brick infill. The south front has similar sham windows to those of the north and also a carriageway doorway of similar style with modern entrance door. The left and right hand rooms behind the towers have C18 sash windows in flush frames with glazing bars and gauged brick arches and red brick jambs.

Inside the main carriageway the ceiling is vaulted with stone ribs and stone infill; the smaller rooms either side are also vaulted with brick infill in domed form. There is also a fine Georgian staircase and some Elizabethan panelling.

The Abbey was founded in 1171 by Ranulph de Glanville, Justiciar of Henry II and the gatehouse is considered "one of the most ambitious and interesting buildings of the C14 in Suffolk". N. Pevsner (see The Buildings of England, Suffolk volume). The whole complex of the Abbey and Priory is fully documented and described in Journal of the Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1934, by Messrs. J.L.N. Meyers and J.B. Ward Perkins.

Listing NGR: TM3747449368

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