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Helmingham Hall

A Grade I Listed Building in Helmingham, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.1741 / 52°10'26"N

Longitude: 1.1964 / 1°11'47"E

OS Eastings: 618656

OS Northings: 257685

OS Grid: TM186576

Mapcode National: GBR VMQ.P98

Mapcode Global: VHLB7.PMB6

Entry Name: Helmingham Hall

Listing Date: 9 December 1955

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1033070

English Heritage Legacy ID: 279699

Location: Helmingham, Mid Suffolk, Suffolk, IP14

County: Suffolk

District: Mid Suffolk

Civil Parish: Helmingham

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Helmingham St Mary

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

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Listing Text

TM 15 NE
4/80 Helmingham Hall


A large country mansion, built round a courtyard, for Lionel Tollemache (High
Sheriff of Suffolk and Norfolk 1512 and 1530; ob. ante 1553). Three major
phases of remodelling: c.1745-1760 for the 4th Earl Dysart; c.1800 by John
Nash for the 6th Earl; and c.1841, probably by A. Salvin, for John (later 1st
Lord) Tollemache. The north, south and east ranges retain substantial parts
of the original timber-framed house of which small sections of close-studded
and jettied framing are exposed. The exterior is almost entirely encased or
rebuilt in C18 and C19 red brick, apart from the upper floor of the south
range which is hung with C18 red mathematical tiles above a narrow jetty.
Embattled parapets and crowstepped gables. Plaintiled roofs: a number of late
C16 and early C17 axial chimneys of red brick with circular and octagonal
shafts in groups of 2 or 4. Courtyard plan: a central late C16 gatehouse has
a 4-window range at either flank, terminated by set-forward gables. To rear
of the courtyard are parallel hall and kitchen ranges; on the east is a C16
range of lodgings; and to west a parlour wing rebuilt in 1841. Windows on the
south elevation by Nash have Gothick hoodmoulds and small-pane casements,
those at ground storey with transomes. The terminal gables of c.1600 have 2-
storey splayed bays with plastered mullions and transomes and leaded glazing,
a broad moulded plaster cornice at 1st and attic floors, and octagonal corner
pilasters capped by finials of carved brick which are repeated at the gable
apex. These gables form the model for the design of the west front of 1841,
the entire motif being repeated, with the introduction of diaper patterning in
burnt headers. The mid or late C16 front gatehouse is in narrow bricks with
splayed buttresses and a round-arched gateway, which until c.1800 had an
entablature with pediment. At that time the corbelled oriel and crowstepped
gable were added. An original gateway of c.1530 behind: timber-framed, with a
depressed 4-centred arched head with carved spandrels and buttress shafts; a
pair of large oak doors with ribbed panels and fine tracery at the head may be
a little earlier. The courtyard face, remodelled by Nash, has reinstated a
carved timber cill from an oriel window of c.1530. The great hall remains
open, with queen post trusses: the arch braces are filled with trefoils, and
beneath the tie beams and wall pieces are pendant bosses. Although the
details are probably by Nash, the roof may have a C16 core. Much fine
interior remodelling in particular the Boudoir of c.1745-60. The house is
surrounded by a broad C16 moat with possibly medieval origins; the revetments
with low parapets are of C18 red brick. For full details of the house and its
history, Country Life: Helmingham Hall, Suffolk: Arthur Oswald; five issues
August-October 1956.

Listing NGR: TM1865657685

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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