History in Structure

Down House

A Grade I Listed Building in Darwin, London

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Latitude: 51.3314 / 51°19'53"N

Longitude: 0.0535 / 0°3'12"E

OS Eastings: 543154

OS Northings: 161150

OS Grid: TQ431611

Mapcode National: GBR NV.S5Z

Mapcode Global: VHHP9.WS3P

Plus Code: 9F3283J3+H9

Entry Name: Down House

Listing Date: 31 May 1954

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1038325

English Heritage Legacy ID: 358519

ID on this website: 101038325

Location: Downe, Bromley, London, BR6

County: London

District: Bromley

Electoral Ward/Division: Darwin

Parish: Non Civil Parish

Built-Up Area: Downe

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater London

Church of England Parish: Downe St Mary Magdalene

Church of England Diocese: Rochester

Tagged with: Historic house museum History museum

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This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 10/07/2014

TQ 46 SW 12/158

Down House

(Formerly listed as Downe House)


This house would be Grade II on architectural grounds but is Grade I for historical associations. It was occupied by Charles Darwin from 1842-1882. "The Origin of the Species" was written here, and Darwin died in the house on the 19 April 1882. It was now a museum, and Darwin's study is preserved as far as possible as it was in his day. The building consists of a centre and 2 wings. The centre dates from early C19. 3 storeys 5 windows. Stuccoed. Wide eaves cornice. Hipped slate roof. Windows with segmental heads and glazing bars missing. The South-East wing is gabled and probably older than the main block. 2 storeys of 2 windows, plus one round-headed window and also an attic window in the gable. Stuccoed front. The North-West wing is a mid-late C19 addition made by Darwin containing his new study. 2 storeys. 3 windows. Cemented front, but attached to it is an early C19 block and a verandah to the North-West added wing. Inset in the front garden wall facing the road is a tablet recording:-

"Here Darwin thought and worked for forty years and died 1882".

Listing NGR: TQ4317861121

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