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Latitude: 51.8446 / 51°50'40"N
Longitude: -1.3642 / 1°21'51"W
OS Eastings: 443893
OS Northings: 216414
OS Grid: SP438164
Mapcode National: GBR 7WH.9X2
Mapcode Global: VHCX6.9WMS
Entry Name: Grand Bridge
Listing Date: 27 August 1957
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1052917
English Heritage Legacy ID: 252996
Location: Blenheim, West Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire, OX20
District: West Oxfordshire
Civil Parish: Blenheim
Traditional County: Oxfordshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire
2/14 Grand Bridge
Bridge. c.1706-1712. By Sir John Vanburgh. Limestone ashlar. Semi-circular
archway, with blocked voussoirs, flanked by 2-storey square projecting bays:
each bay has segmental-arched opening with keystone linked to bracketed cornice
and with bracketed sill, above niche. Outer bays have rusticated semi-circular
arches and bands of frosted rustication beneath parapet. Canted abutments have
rusticated quoin strips. The bridge was left unfinished when work on the palace
stopped in 1712: Vanbrugh intended the central span to be surmounted by tall
arcades within corner towers, thus making a version of Palladio's Rialto Bridge.
The bridge, which spanned virtual marshland before Capability Brown made the
lake, has over 30 rooms, some with chimneypieces and dish vaulting, and was
first conceived as a habitable viaduct. The masons were Peisley and Townesend.
(Buildings of England: Oxfordshire: p473; National Monuments Record; K. Downes,
Hawkesmoor, 1959, p282; K. Downes, Vanbrugh, 1977, pp72-3; D. Green, Blenheim
Palace, 1951, pp100-102, 117, 127;Blenheim Park is included in the HBMC Register
of Parks and Gardens at Grade I)
Listing NGR: SP4389316414
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