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Latitude: 53.8621 / 53°51'43"N
Longitude: -1.3726 / 1°22'21"W
OS Eastings: 441360
OS Northings: 440835
OS Grid: SE413408
Mapcode National: GBR LRVS.M9
Mapcode Global: WHDBD.W6K2
Plus Code: 9C5WVJ6G+RX
Entry Name: The Rotunda in the Black Fen Pleasure Ground
Listing Date: 1 May 1960
Last Amended: 22 July 1986
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1066002
English Heritage Legacy ID: 422465
Location: Bramham Park, Leeds, LS24
Civil Parish: Barwick in Elmet and Scholes
Traditional County: Yorkshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire
Church of England Parish: Barwick
Church of England Diocese: Leeds
Tagged with: Architectural structure
BARWICK IN ELMET AND SCHOLES BRAMHAM PARK
1.5.60 The Rotunda
in the Black Fen
(formerly listed as
Temple Item 15/169 at
Bramham Park in C.P.
of Bramham cum
Garden Temple. Mid C18 possibly by James Paine for George Fox-Lane, 2nd Lord
Bingley. Sandstone ashlar. Circular Ionic temple. Circular 3-step podium;
colonnade of 16 unfluted Roman Ionic columns supporting entablature, pulvinated
frieze and heavily modillioned cornice. Inner drum with rusticated base and sill
band decorated with Greek Key ornament. Doorways to north-west, facing house,
and also to south-east, facing obelisk (q.v.) down tree-lined avenue, have
architraves, pulvinated friezes, casement moulded cornices and are flanked by
blocked windows with architraves. Moulded cornice from which springs ribbed
vaulted ceiling to columns. The central drum rises higher than outer circle and
has cornice, blocking course and lead dome. The detail is very fine.
Part of a formal early C18 garden laid out to a plan c1725-8 by John Wood for
Robert Benson, 1st Lord Bingley. The Black Fen Pleasure Ground is a mile distant
from Bramham Park. It is divided by alleys and vistas radiating from round points.
From the Rotunda 6 avenues fan out linking with the obelisk (q.v.) and the Temple
of Leod Lud (q.v.) from which other avenues fan out and intersect with each other
and with avenues from other points.
English Heritage, Register of Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in
England: Part 45 West Yorkshire, Grade I.
D. Linstrum, West Yorkshire Architects and Architecture, (1978) pp62-64.
N. Pevsner, Yorkshire West Riding, (1974) pp142 3.
Listing NGR: SE4136040835
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