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The Rotunda in the Black Fen Pleasure Ground

A Grade I Listed Building in Barwick in Elmet and Scholes, Leeds

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Latitude: 53.8621 / 53°51'43"N

Longitude: -1.3726 / 1°22'21"W

OS Eastings: 441360

OS Northings: 440835

OS Grid: SE413408

Mapcode National: GBR LRVS.M9

Mapcode Global: WHDBD.W6K2

Plus Code: 9C5WVJ6G+RX

Entry Name: The Rotunda in the Black Fen Pleasure Ground

Listing Date: 1 May 1960

Last Amended: 22 July 1986

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1066002

English Heritage Legacy ID: 422465

Location: Bramham Park, Leeds, LS24

County: Leeds

Civil Parish: Barwick in Elmet and Scholes

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Barwick

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Tagged with: Architectural structure

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1.5.60 The Rotunda
in the Black Fen
Pleasure Ground
(formerly listed as
Temple Item 15/169 at
Bramham Park in C.P.
of Bramham cum


Garden Temple. Mid C18 possibly by James Paine for George Fox-Lane, 2nd Lord
Bingley. Sandstone ashlar. Circular Ionic temple. Circular 3-step podium;
colonnade of 16 unfluted Roman Ionic columns supporting entablature, pulvinated
frieze and heavily modillioned cornice. Inner drum with rusticated base and sill
band decorated with Greek Key ornament. Doorways to north-west, facing house,
and also to south-east, facing obelisk (q.v.) down tree-lined avenue, have
architraves, pulvinated friezes, casement moulded cornices and are flanked by
blocked windows with architraves. Moulded cornice from which springs ribbed
vaulted ceiling to columns. The central drum rises higher than outer circle and
has cornice, blocking course and lead dome. The detail is very fine.

Part of a formal early C18 garden laid out to a plan c1725-8 by John Wood for
Robert Benson, 1st Lord Bingley. The Black Fen Pleasure Ground is a mile distant
from Bramham Park. It is divided by alleys and vistas radiating from round points.
From the Rotunda 6 avenues fan out linking with the obelisk (q.v.) and the Temple
of Leod Lud (q.v.) from which other avenues fan out and intersect with each other
and with avenues from other points.

English Heritage, Register of Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in
England: Part 45 West Yorkshire, Grade I.
D. Linstrum, West Yorkshire Architects and Architecture, (1978) pp62-64.
N. Pevsner, Yorkshire West Riding, (1974) pp142 3.

Listing NGR: SE4136040835

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