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Fairlawne

A Grade I Listed Building in Plaxtol, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2577 / 51°15'27"N

Longitude: 0.2835 / 0°17'0"E

OS Eastings: 559436

OS Northings: 153431

OS Grid: TQ594534

Mapcode National: GBR MNG.0HT

Mapcode Global: VHHPT.VNR5

Entry Name: Fairlawne

Listing Date: 1 August 1952

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1072711

English Heritage Legacy ID: 357378

Location: Plaxtol, Tonbridge and Malling, Kent, TN11

County: Kent

District: Tonbridge and Malling

Civil Parish: Plaxtol

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Church of England Parish: Plaxtol

Church of England Diocese: Rochester

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Listing Text

TQ 55 SE PLAXTOL TONBRIDGE ROAD
3/14 (east side)

1.8.52 Fairlawne

I


Country house. Earlier building rebuilt for Sir Henry Vane 1630-55, additions by Lord Barnard 1680, completed for Lord Vane 1723, in part by James Gibbs. Victorian additions and interior decoration by William Burn before 1840 and J MacVicar Anderson 1872. Most Victorian additions removed 1954. West front. 1680. Dressed and coursed Kentish ragstone on ragstone plinth with painted stone pilaster-strip quoins, plat-band at architrave window surrounds. Modillion cornice and parapet hiding slate roofs. Two-stage cupola off-centre to left, square, with canted corner pilasters and entablature on lower stage and lead cupola, 3 brick stacks, 2 either side of centre, one at left-hand end. Two-storeys; 9 bays, the central 4 spaced slightly further apart, glazing bar sashes. Three-bay Roman Doric 'porte cochere' with paired columns, added in 1872 by J MacVicar Anderson. Slightly recessed northern extension, possibly hiding part of the earlier house with facade probably by Gibbs in 1723. Dressed and
coursed rubble with painted stone pilaster-strip quoin and keystones to windows.
Cornice, parapet and left and stack. Three storeys; 4 bays, glazing bar sashes.
South front quoins and dressings. Plat-band, modillion cornice and parapet hiding slate roofs. Central 2 bays project slightly with pediment in parapet area. Two storeys; 6 bays, glazing bar plinth with stone pilaster-strip quoins and dressing. Plat band, modillion cornice and parapet hiding slate roof. Two storeys, 5 bays, glazing bar sashes. Central glazed door with rectangular over-light and segment pediment hood. Taller 2-storey block to north-east with attic pediments facing south and east. Two bays to south, with glazing bar sashes; 3 bays to east, sashes without glazing bar sashes. Seven-bay conservatory of 1872 to east, with Roman Doric colonnaded loggia and glazed internal barrel-vault. Interior. Entrance hall. Panelled with 1872 plaster ceiling and single C18 black marble fireplace. Study. Two-storey fireplace, topped by broken swan-neck pediment and door surround with carved and pierced frieze. Great Room. Wood panelled with carved ornament. Door surround with fluted Ionic half-columns and triangular pediment. Marble fireplace with half-columned and pedimented sedicular overmantel. Drawings for this room survive in the Gibbs Collection at the Bodleian Library in Oxford. See Country Life, 30 October and 6 November 1958. Also 27 November 1958 for correspondence on the attribution to Gibbs of the Great Room.


Listing NGR: TQ5933754660

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

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