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Latitude: 50.7878 / 50°47'16"N
Longitude: -1.0327 / 1°1'57"W
OS Eastings: 468283
OS Northings: 99138
OS Grid: SZ682991
Mapcode National: GBR BDC.HQQ
Mapcode Global: FRA 87Q0.9J8
Plus Code: 9C2WQXQ8+4W
Entry Name: Fort Cumberland
Listing Date: 30 October 1969
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1104273
English Heritage Legacy ID: 474589
Location: Eastney and Craneswater, Portsmouth, PO4
County: City of Portsmouth
Electoral Ward/Division: Eastney and Craneswater
Parish: Non Civil Parish
Built-Up Area: Portsmouth
Traditional County: Hampshire
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire
Church of England Parish: Milton St James
Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth
Tagged with: Architectural structure
SZ69NE FORT CUMBERLAND ROAD, Eastney
774-1/6/160 Fort Cumberland
Fort. 1746. By the Duke of Cumberland, reconstructed 1786 by
the Duke of Richmond, some alterations and additions C19.
Stone and brick. Originally built in the form of a 5 angled
star, then reconstructed 1786 in its present form with wide
pentagonal shaped rampart with 5 sharply angled bastions at
each of the points, a dry moat and glacis and 1 ravelin.
Ramparts are faced externally in stone with brick parapets and
segmental arched gun ports behind which are deep
tunnel-vaulted brick casemates covered with several feet of
HISTORY: the fort is a direct descendant of the bastioned
fortress pioneered in Italy in late C15 and the last fortress
to be built here marking the final development of this type of
design in Britain. It is perhaps the best piece of C18
defensive architecture left in Britain.
Scheduled Ancient Monument.
(Balfour A: Portsmouth: London: 1970-: 22; Lloyd DW: Buildings
of Portsmouth and its Environs: Portsmouth: 1974-: 62; The
Buildings of England: Pevsner N & Lloyd DW: Hampshire and the
Isle of Wight: Harmondsworth: 1967-: 428).
Listing NGR: SZ6658898977
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