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Latitude: 50.7422 / 50°44'31"N
Longitude: -4.2814 / 4°16'53"W
OS Eastings: 239128
OS Northings: 96103
OS Grid: SX391961
Mapcode National: GBR NP.2J37
Mapcode Global: FRA 17X3.XH2
Plus Code: 9C2QPPR9+VC
Entry Name: Buckingham Farmhouse
Listing Date: 21 January 1986
Source: Historic England
Source ID: 1104662
English Heritage Legacy ID: 90722
Location: Ashwater, Torridge, Devon, EX21
Civil Parish: Ashwater
Traditional County: Devon
Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon
Church of England Parish: Ashwater St Peter ad Vincula
Church of England Diocese: Exeter
SX 39 NE
House. Possibly medieval origins, alterations of circa mid to late C17, C20 renovations. Cob on stone rubble footings, colourwashed and plastered with a water reed thatched roof half-hipped at the left end and gabled at the right end. Brick chimney at right gabled end, axial brick chimney.
The development of the house is not absolutely clear but the early plan may have been two-rooms wide, the right hand end being a two bay open hall with a partition wall to the passage which had a solid wall to the two storey lower end. The roof structure suggests that the third room, adjoining the lower end, is either a rebuilding or an addition. The two right hand roof trusses are, however, only very lightly smoke-blackened and this may have occurred accidentally. The gradient of the site and the C17 features, however, indicate a three room and through passage plan with the hall in the centre heated from a stack at the inner hall, a heated lower end room to the right of the passage and a lower status unheated inner room probably used for storage.
A rear outshut under a catslide roof is probably an C18 or C19 addition. A C19 stair has been inserted in the passage which appears to have been decreased in width. The chimney breast of the axial stack has been altered, probably in the late C19 or early C20 partly blocking the fireplace of the middle room but using the stack to heat the inner room.
Two storeys. Asymmetrical three window front with an off-centre C19 brick gabled porch on the front to the right and a further entrance on the front at the left into the inner room. Ground floor windows are three-light casements, three panes per light. The thatch eaves are eyebrowed over the first floor window left which is a two-light casement six panes per light. The other two first floor windows are two-light casements, 8 panes per light. There is a stone buttress at the right end.
Interior: the four roof trusses between the stacks are collar rafter with cambered collars lap dovetailed into the principal rafters which are lapped and notched at the apex with a diagonally set ridge. The purlins are threaded and roughly chamfered and the quality of the carpentry is high. The two right hand trusses appear to be lightly smoke-blackened and the second truss from the right is closed. The trusses over the left hand end have straight collars halved and pegged into the principal rafters but no attempt at a fine finish. The feet of the principal rafters throughout appear to be straight.
The fireplace of the middle room (the C17 hall) has stone jambs of squared masonry and an ovolo-moulded timber lintel with ogee stops and a section of decorative carving between the moulding and the stops. The right gable end fireplace is similar. The remains of a plaster cornice were found during renovations to the middle room, the joists which are unchamfered are now exposed. Some fragments a similar cornice exist on the first floor suggesting a great chamber above the C17 hall. A two-light ovolo-moulded timber mullioned window was discovered during renovations in the right gable end on the first floor. The window is blocked externally. The C17 features are of a high quality and suggest a high status house of that date.
Listing NGR: SX3912896101
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