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Lower Besley Farmhouse

A Grade II Listed Building in Holcombe Rogus, Devon

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Latitude: 50.9544 / 50°57'15"N

Longitude: -3.3603 / 3°21'37"W

OS Eastings: 304548

OS Northings: 118096

OS Grid: ST045180

Mapcode National: GBR LP.N2JB

Mapcode Global: FRA 36VL.8PC

Plus Code: 9C2RXJ3Q+PV

Entry Name: Lower Besley Farmhouse

Listing Date: 17 March 1988

Grade: II

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1106415

English Heritage Legacy ID: 95948

Location: Holcombe Rogus, Mid Devon, Devon, TA21

County: Devon

District: Mid Devon

Civil Parish: Holcombe Rogus

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Holcombe Rogus All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Tagged with: Farmhouse

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ST 01 NW
- Lower Besley Farmhouse
- II
Farmhouse. Mid-late C16, maybe earlier origins, with major later C16 and C17
improvements, some C19 and C20 modernisation. Plastered cobs on stone rubble
footings; stone rubble stacks with stone rubble chimneyshafts; asbestos slate roof,
formerly thatch.
Plan and development: 5-room-and-through-passage plan house facing south. At the
right (east) end is a former service end kitchen with a gable-end stack. Between
this and the kitchen is a small unheated room, maybe a dairy originally but now a
bathroom. The other side of the passage is the hall with its stack backing onto the
passage. At the upper end of the hall is another small unheated room and beyond
that the left (west) end room with a gable-end stack. This end room may have been a
parlour. A 1-room plan unheated service room projects at right angles in front of
an overlapping this end room. The passage rear doorway is now blocked and there is
a gabled stair turret projecting to rear of the former.
Since the roof is inaccessible it is not possible to determine the early structural
history of the farmhouse. Nevertheless it seems likely that it was some kind of
open hall house. The hall at least was open to the roof and if the roof timbers are
smoke-blackened then it was heated by an open hearth fire. The hall was floored
over in the late C16 - early C17. The service end was probably refurbished as a
kitchen about the same time. Also about the same time the left end room, the
putative parlour, was added. Before that the unheated inner room was the end room.
House is 2 storeys with single storey C20 extension to rear.
Exterior: irregular 4-window front of various C19 and C20 casements with glazing
bars. The passage front doorway contains an old studded plank door behind a C20
gabled porch. Roof is gable-ended.
Interior: is largely the result of C19 and C20 modernisations. For instance, all
the fireplaces are blocked and at least 2 oak plank-and-muntin screens are known to
be plastered over, one on the lower side of the passage and another at the upper end
of the hall. There may be a third between the former dairy and kitchen. The
kitchen cross bead is chamfered with lambstongue stops and there are here the
remnants of a mid or late C17 moulded plaster cornice. The stair turret is C17 or
earlier but now contains a C20 stair. The hall has a good late C16 - early C17 9-
panel ceiling of deeply chamfered intersecting beams. The inner room has a mid C16
half beam; it is chamfered with pyramid stops. Between this and the end room is the
former end solid wall. The end room axial beam has deep hollow chamfers. There are
other beams in this room but they are papered over. They include a jowl-headed post
in the rear wall. The roof is inaccessible but a side-pegged jointed cruck can be
seen over the hall.
A great deal of the C16 and C17 fabric is evidently hidden and great care should be
taken with any building works here lest early features be disturbed.

Listing NGR: ST0454818096

External Links

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