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Manor Farm Barn

A Grade I Listed Building in Winterborne Clenston, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8266 / 50°49'35"N

Longitude: -2.2307 / 2°13'50"W

OS Eastings: 383848

OS Northings: 103032

OS Grid: ST838030

Mapcode National: GBR 1ZS.0VV

Mapcode Global: FRA 666X.BST

Entry Name: Manor Farm Barn

Listing Date: 14 July 1955

Last Amended: 14 December 2017

Grade: I

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1110166

English Heritage Legacy ID: 103372

Location: Winterborne Clenston, North Dorset, Dorset, DT11

County: Dorset

District: North Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne Clenston

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Winterbourne Clenston St Nicholas

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Find accommodation in
Winterborne Stickland

Listing Text

WINTERBORNE CLENSTON _
ST 80 SW

6/96 Manor Farm Barn (formerly
listed as Barn at Manor,
14-7-55 S of House.

GV I

Barn, later C16 incorporating reused C15 roof. Banded flint and rubble with
ashlar dressings. C19 chequered tile roof. Continuous chamfered plinth. Opposed
transeptal porches. Bays are defined by 2-stage buttresses with weathered offsets.
Chamfered rectangular ventilation loops. Internally there is an 8-bay hammer-beam
roof of very high quality said to have come from a former monastic building at
Milton Abbey. The members of each truss are heavily moulded. The hammer-beams
are supported on moulded wall-standards and curved and moulded braces springing
from stone corbels. The collar-beams are braced by moulded, curved braces springing
from the hammer-beams which form 2-centred arches. The purlins have secondary
wind-bracing. The walls are partially clunch lined. (RCHM, Dorset, vol.III,
p.295, no.5. Newman, J. and Pevsner, N. The Buildings of England: Dorset, 1972,
p.479. )


Listing NGR: ST8384903036

This text is from the original listing, and may not necessarily reflect the current setting of the building.

Summary

Tithe barn. Built in the mid-C16, incorporating a reused, late C15 roof.

Description

Tithe barn. Built in the mid-C16, incorporating a reused, late C15 roof.

MATERIALS: constructed of banded knapped flint and stone, with ashlar dressings. The gabled ends of the barn and porch roofs are weather boarded. The roof is covered in C19 tiles arranged in a chequerboard pattern.

PLAN: a cruciform plan of six-bays, with off-centre, opposing porches.

EXTERIOR: the barn has a continuous chamfered stone plinth, and the bays are articulated by added two-stage, offset buttresses; there are no buttresses at the corners. To each bay and the end walls is a chamfered rectangular ventilation slit, with ashlar surround. To the west wall the ventilation slit is flanked by square window openings. The tall, off-centre, opposing porches have pitched roofs with weather-boarded gables. The threshing doors are hung on oak jambs with cambered oak lintels. The south porch has a square headed doorway to either side but these have been blocked with C18 brickwork.

INTERIOR: (not inspected 2017) rising from stone corbels, the arch braces and wall pieces support the plain mid-C16 hammer beams. The hammer beams support the late C15 principal rafters, connected by cambered collar beams, and the hammer posts, inclined struts and the arch braces to the collar. There are small struts from the collar to the principal rafter and some of the trusses retain the collar ties near the apex. Nearly all of the members, including the principal rafters and purlins, are decorated with roll-mouldings, ogee-mouldings and hollow-chamfers. The secondary wind braces between the principal rafters and purlins are unmoulded. The truss towards the west end of the barn incorporates a mid-C16 raised cruck.

The internal walls are lined with clunch, with brick and stone repairs.

History

Manor Farm Barn in Winterborne Clenston was built in the mid-C16 and incorporates a reused late C15 roof, which may have originated from a monastic building at Milton Abbey. The barn is contemporary with the Manor House (Grade I) approximately 75m to the north-east, and both express the vernacular building traditions of the area in their characteristic use of banded flint and stone. The offset stone buttresses to the barn are a later addition and some of the former openings are blocked with C18 and C19 brickwork. The roof was recovered in the C19.

Reasons for Listing

Manor Farm Barn, built in the mid-C16 and incorporating a late C15 roof, is designated at Grade I for the following principal reasons:

Architectural interest:
* For its reuse of a highly decorative late C15 roof which represents an outstanding example of historic carpentry;
* As a vernacular farm building of banded knapped flint and stone;
* Although it has undergone some repair and alteration it retains a high degree of survival of historic fabric.

Historic interest:
* As a significant example of a mid-C16 barn that has incorporated a late C15 roof in its construction.

Group value:
* For its relationship with the C16 manor house (Grade I).

Selected Sources

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